MULTEXT-East Morphosyntactic Specifications

3.2. Romanian Specifications

Up: 3. Language Specific MULTEXT Specifications Previous: 3.1. English Specifications Next: 3.3. Polish Specifications

Table of contents

Dan Tufiş, Anna Maria Barbu

2018-11-12

Language Name:
Romanian
Code:
ro
Reference:
Wikipedia

3.2.1. Romanian Category Index

3.2.1.1. Table of categories
CATEGORY (en)Value (en)Code (en)Attributes
CATEGORYNounN6
CATEGORYVerbV7
CATEGORYAdjectiveA7
CATEGORYPronounP8
CATEGORYDeterminerD8
CATEGORYArticleT5
CATEGORYAdverbR3
CATEGORYAdpositionS4
CATEGORYConjunctionC5
CATEGORYNumeralM7
CATEGORYParticleQ2
CATEGORYInterjectionI0
CATEGORYAbbreviationY5
CATEGORYResidualX0
CATEGORYPunctuationZ0

3.2.2. Romanian Noun

Specification for Romanian Noun
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYNounN
1Typecommonc
properp
2Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
3Numbersingulars
pluralp
4Casevocativev
directr
obliqueo
5Definitenessnon
yesy
6Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.2.1. Notes
  • Gender:
    In Romanian the declension of a neuter noun always follows in singular a masculine paradigm and in plural a feminine one. Specific implementations could take advantage of this rule and by organizing the paradigmatic space in partial paradigms (masc-sing, masc-pl, fem-sing, fem-pl) to get rid of neuter value for the gender attribute.
  • Case:
    There are five functional cases in Romanian (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative and vocative) but they are expressed by at most three syncretic forms for each number: 1. nominative-accusative; 2. genitive-dative; 3. vocative. The ambiguity of a syncretic case form may be solved at the syntactic level. At the word level, the distinction between the three syncretic forms is possible only for the definite nouns. Masculine indefinite nouns are not differentiated by case (except, sometimes for vocative. The feminine indefinite nouns have different forms in singular for nominative-accusative, genitive-dative and vocative, but the genitive-dative singular forms are also indistinguishable from the plural forms:
    fată (nominative-accusative, vocative singular, indefinite)
    fato (vocative singular, indefinite)
    fete (genitive-dative singular, nominative-accusative,
    genitive-dative, vocative plural, indefinite)
    băiat(nominative-accusative, genitive-dative, vocative
    singular, indefinite)
    băiete (vocative singular, indefinite)
    băieţi (nominative-accusative, genitive-dative, vocative,
    plural, indefinite)
  • Definiteness:
    In Romanian, nouns can be marked for definiteness with the enclitic definite article.
  • Clitic:
    See discussion on Verb clitics.
3.2.2.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (54)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
Nc---nNoun Type=common Definiteness=no38zgârie-nori, zgârie-brânză, vântură-ţară, vântură-lume, una_cu_pământul
Nc-s-nyNoun Type=common Number=singular Definiteness=no Clitic=yes4fii-/fiu, fii-/fiică, bunică-/bunic, bunică-/bunică
Ncm--nNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Definiteness=no43zgripţoroi, tremurici, trăgaci, tei, tălmaci
Ncms-nNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no8183zvon, zvonit, zvârlit, zvârcolit, zvântat
Ncms-nyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no Clitic=yes45tim'/timp, sem'/semn, -nvins/învins, -nvingător/învingător, -nveliş/înveliş
NcmsvnNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no11urcior/ulcior, tovarăşe/tovarăş, sindicalist, prietene/prieten, locotenente/locotenent
NcmsvnyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no Clitic=yes1-mpărate/împărat
NcmsvyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes2124zvonule/zvon, zvonitule/zvonit, zvârcolitule/zvârcolit, zvâcnitule/zvâcnit, zumzetule/zumzet
NcmsryNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes7943zvonul/zvon, zvonitul/zvonit, zvârlitul/zvârlit, zvârcolitul/zvârcolit, zvântatul/zvântat
NcmsryyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes77visu'/vis, următoru'/următorul, trotuaru'/trotuar, tipu'/tip, tipu-/tip
NcmsoyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes7852zvonului/zvon, zvonitului/zvonit, zvârlitului/zvârlit, zvârcolitului/zvârcolit, zvântatului/zvântat
NcmsoyyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes40-nvinsului/învins, -nvingătorului/învingător, -nvelişului/înveliş, -nvăţatului/învăţat, -nvăţătorului/învăţător
Ncmp-nNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no3440zulufi/zuluf, zugravi/zugrav, zori, zootehnicieni/zootehnician, zoologi/zoolog
Ncmp-nyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes20-nvinşi/învins, -nvingători/învingător, -nvăţători/învăţător, -nvăţaţi/învăţat, -ntregi/întreg
NcmpvyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes8nenorociţilor/nenorocit, nefericiţilor/nefericit, mânuitorilor/mânuitor, lichidaţilor/lichidat, huhurezilor/huhurez
NcmpryNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes3401zulufii/zuluf, zugravii/zugrav, zorii/zori, zootehnicienii/zootehnician, zoologii/zoolog
NcmpryyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes20-nvinşii/învins, -nvingătorii/învingător, -nvăţătorii/învăţător, -nvăţaţii/învăţat, -ntregii/întreg
NcmpoyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes3404zulufilor/zuluf, zugravilor/zugrav, zootehnicienilor/zootehnician, zoologilor/zoolog, zooliţilor/zoolit
NcmpoyyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes20-nvinşilor/învins, -nvingătorilor/învingător, -nvăţătorilor/învăţător, -nvăţaţilor/învăţat, -ntregilor/întreg
Ncf--nNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Definiteness=no320ziditoare, zeie, zeflemitoare, zdrobitoare, zburătoare
Ncf--nyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Definiteness=no Clitic=yes3-nvăţătoare/învăţătoare, -nsoţitoare/însoţitoare, -ngrijitoare/îngrijitoare
Ncfs-nNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Definiteness=no3soia, sete, foame
NcfsvyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes3376zvonireo/zvonire, zvârcolireo/zvârcolire, zvâcnireo/zvâcnire, zuruireo/zuruire, zornăireo/zornăire
NcfsrnNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no9843zvonistică, zvonire, zvârlitură, zvârlire, zvârcolire
NcfsrnyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes162-nvrăjbire/învrăjbire, -nvoire/învoire, -nvoială/învoială, -nviere/înviere, -nverşunare/înverşunare
NcfsryNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes10111zvonistica/zvonistică, zvonirea/zvonire, zvârlitura/zvârlitură, zvârlirea/zvârlire, zvârcolirea/zvârcolire
NcfsryyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes164-nvrăjbirea/învrăjbire, -nvoirea/învoire, -nvoiala/învoială, -nvierea/înviere, -nverşunarea/înverşunare
NcfsonNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no9567zvonistici/zvonistică, zvoniri/zvonire, zvârlituri/zvârlitură, zvârliri/zvârlire, zvârcoliri/zvârcolire
NcfsonyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no Clitic=yes160-nvrăjbiri/învrăjbire, -nvoiri/învoire, -nvoieli/învoială, -nvieri/înviere, -nverşunări/înverşunare
NcfsoyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9931zvonisticii/zvonistică, zvonirii/zvonire, zvârliturii/zvârlitură, zvârlirii/zvârlire, zvârcolirii/zvârcolire
NcfsoyyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes163-nvrăjbirii/învrăjbire, -nvoirii/învoire, -nvoielii/învoială, -nvierii/înviere, -nverşunării/înverşunare
Ncfp-nNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no13042zvonuri/zvon, zvoniri/zvonire, zvârlituri/zvârlitură, zvârliri/zvârlire, zvârcoliri/zvârcolire
Ncfp-nyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes171-nvrăjbiri/învrăjbire, -nvoiri/învoire, -nvoieli/învoială, -nvieri/înviere, -nverşunări/înverşunare
NcfpvyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes3ratatelor/ratată, nefericitelor/nefericit, liderelor/lideră
NcfpryNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes13291zvonurile/zvon, zvonirile/zvonire, zvârliturile/zvârlitură, zvârlirile/zvârlire, zvârcolirile/zvârcolire
NcfpryyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes173-nvrăjbirile/învrăjbire, -nvoirile/învoire, -nvoielile/învoială, -nvierile/înviere, -nverşunările/înverşunare
NcfpoyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes12898zvonurilor/zvon, zvonirilor/zvonire, zvârliturilor/zvârlitură, zvârcolirilor/zvârcolire, zvârcolelilor/zvârcoleală
NcfpoyyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes173-nvrăjbirilor/învrăjbire, -nvoirilor/învoire, -nvoielilor/învoială, -nvierilor/înviere, -nverşunărilor/înverşunare
NpNoun Type=proper1945Zurich, Zurbaran, Zsigmond, Zorro, Zoocom
NpmsvnNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no7Ştefane/Ştefan, Ioane/Ion, Ioane/Ioan, Iisuse/Iisus, Eugene/Eugen
NpmsvyNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes2Nicule, Nelule/Nelu
NpmsryNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes120Zărneştiul/Zărneşti, Washingtonul/Washington, Topoloveniul/Topoloveni, Tibetul/Tibet, Texasul/Texas
NpmsoyNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes122Zărneştiului/Zărneşti, Washingtonului/Washington, Topoloveniului/Topoloveni, Tibetului/Tibet, Texasului/Texas
Npmp-nNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no2Atrizi/Atrid, Asclepiazi/Asclepiad
NpmpryNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes10Pârteştii/Pârteşti, Iaşii/Iaşi, Filipeştii/Filipeşti, Cotrocenii/Cotroceni, Carpaţii/Carpaţi
NpmpoyNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8Pelopizilor/Pelopid, Iaşilor/Iaşi, Cotrocenilor/Cotroceni, Carpaţilor/Carpaţi, Călmăşenilor/Călmăşeni
NpfsvyNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1Mărio/Măria
NpfsrnNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no80Veneţie/Veneţia, Varşovie/Varşovia, Ungarie/Ungaria, Turcie/Turcia, Tunisie/Tunisia
NpfsryNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes6Stelei/Stela, Nouvorba/Nouvorbă, Hydrei/Hydra, Hydra, Dunărea/Dunăre
NpfsonNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no77Turcii/Turcia, Tunisii/Tunisia, Tulcii/Tulcea, Transnistrii/Transnistria, Transilvanii/Transilvania
NpfsoyNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes234Vienei/Viena, Victoriei/Victoria, Veneţiei/Veneţia, Vasilicăi/Vasilica, Varşoviei/Varşovia
Npfp-nNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no4Românii/România, Mării/Măria, Madone/Madona, Dionisii/Dionisie
NpfpryNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes5Paştile/Paşte, Moirele/Moiră, Măriile/Măria, Madonele/Madona, Didaskaliile/Didaskalie
NpfpoyNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8Statelor_Unite/Statele_Unite, Statelor_Unite_ale_Americii/Statele_Unite_ale_Americii, Paştilor/Paşte, Măriilor/Măria, Madonelor/Madona

3.2.3. Romanian Verb

Specification for Romanian Verb
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYVerbV
1Typemainm
auxiliarya
modalo
copulac
2VFormindicativei
subjunctives
imperativem
infinitiven
participlep
gerundg
3Tensepresentp
imperfecti
pasts
pluperfectl
4Personfirst1
second2
third3
5Numbersingulars
pluralp
6Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
10Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.3.1. Notes
  • VForm:
    Traditionally, Romanian linguistics distinguishes between predicative and non-predicative moods. This distinction may be easily mapped into finite/non-finite dichotomy: indicative, subjunctive and imperative are finite; infinitive, participle and gerund are non-finite (only synthetic (non-compound) moods were mentioned; we use the opposition synthetic-analytic to distinguish between concatenative (synthetic) and compound (analytic) morpho-lexical phenomena). As only synthetic forms were considered, the values conditional and presumptive for the VForm attribute were left out in Romanian. Another value for VForm which was left out is the Supine. It appears mostly with a preposition, except for a few intransitive verbs when they are subordinated to the impersonal verb a trebui (must). Only the preposition allows for differentiating a supine from a participle-masculine-singular.
  • Tense:
    The synthetic values for the attribute Tense, as listed in the table below, apply to the indicative mood. The value p (present) is used also for subjunctive and infinitive. All the other moods either have no tense or have compound form tenses.
  • Person:
    The following features are pertinent to those moods which permit an adjectival use, i.e. participle and gerund. However, the adjectival use of gerund is extremely rare (o mână tremurndă - a shaking hand) and therefore gender and number apply mainly for the participle.
  • Clitic:
    The cliticization phenomenon in Romanian is not restricted to verb-pronoun relationship, but may also be observed with the (main) verb and the auxiliary, the noun or adjective with pronoun, with noun or adjective with copula, pronoun with auxiliary, preposition with (indefinite) article, numeral or (indefinite) pronoun, negative adverb with verb, auxiliary or pronoun, and some others (mainly created through the contracted forms of the verb "a fi"-to be). We restrict ourselves to considering only the graphically marked clicitizations. In such cases, the two, three or (sometimes) four constituents of a cliticized word-form are always separated by a hyphen. Omitting the hyphen in such cases is an unacceptable error in written Romanian. The examples below illustrate the specific types of cliticization we will consider:
    dă-mi-l!(you give +to me+it/him = give it/him to me)
    lăsatu-ne-ai(left + us+ you have = you have left us)
    sparge-ţi-s-ar lampa(break + your + s-part-conj + has lamp = I wish your lamp would break)
    soră-mii(sister + my = to my sister)
    faţa-i(his/her face | the face is)
    roşu-i(his/her red | the red is)
    m-au(me + they have)
    într-o gaură(in + a hole)
    într-o oră(in + one hour)
    într-unele(into + some of)
    n-aud(not + I hear = I do not hear)
    n-am(not + I/we have = I have not)
    nu-mi(not + to me).
    The order in which different constituents of a cliticized form appear is governed by precise morphological rules. For instance, the auxiliaries always appear in the last position. The main verbs, except those beginning either with the letter "a" or the letter î and the contracted forms (-s and -i) of the verb "a fi"- to be, always appear in the first position, nouns and adjectives always precede the cliticized pronouns, the negative adverbial particles nu- and n- only appear in the first position, and so on. However, in order to reduce spurious ambiguity in morpho-lexical encoding, we considered the attribute Clitic as relevant only in those cases where the clicitization phenomenon resulted in graphemic modification of the cliticized term (e.g. the epenthetic u in the gerund form ªridicându-lº)
3.2.3.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (84)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
Vmip1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=singular4265zvonesc/zvoni, zvârl/zvârli, zvârcolesc/zvârcoli, zvânt/zvânta, zvâcnesc/zvâcni
Vmip1s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes474sim'/simţi, -s/fi, rogu/ruga, po'/putea, -nzorzonez/înzorzona
Vmip1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=plural4244zvonim/zvoni, zvârlim/zvârli, zvârcolim/zvârcoli, zvântăm/zvânta, zvâcnim/zvâcni
Vmip1p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonăm/înzorzona, -nzidim/înzidi, -nzestrăm/înzestra, -nzecim/înzeci, -nzdrăvenim/înzdrăveni
Vmip2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=singular4270zvoneşti/zvoni, zvârli, zvârcoleşti/zvârcoli, zvânţi/zvânta, zvâcneşti/zvâcni
Vmip2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes470po'/putea, -nzorzonezi/înzorzona, -nzideşti/înzidi, -nzestrezi/înzestra, -nzeceşti/înzeci
Vmip2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=plural4250zvoniţi/zvoni, zvârliţi/zvârli, zvârcoliţi/zvârcoli, zvântaţi/zvânta, zvâcniţi/zvâcni
Vmip2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonaţi/înzorzona, -nzidiţi/înzidi, -nzestraţi/înzestra, -nzeciţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniţi/înzdrăveni
Vmip3Verb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third2681zvârlă/zvârli, zvântă/zvânta, zumzăie/zumzăi, zornăiză/zornăi, zguduie/zgudui
Vmip3-----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Clitic=yes266sfâşi-/sfâşia, -nzorzonează/înzorzona, -nzestrează/înzestra, -nvolburează/învolbura, -nviorează/înviora
Vmip3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=singular1646zvoneşte/zvoni, zvârle/zvârli, zvârcoleşte/zvârcoli, zvâcneşte/zvâcni, zuruieşte/zurui
Vmip3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes216tre'/trebui, -nzideşte/înzidi, -nzeceşte/înzeci, -nzdrăveneşte/înzdrăveni, -nzăpezeşte/înzăpezi
Vmip3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=plural1616zvonesc/zvoni, zvârl/zvârli, zvârcolesc/zvârcoli, zvâcnesc/zvâcni, zuruiesc/zurui
Vmip3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes197zi'/zice, -s/fi, -nzidesc/înzidi, -nzecesc/înzeci, -nzdrăvenesc/înzdrăveni
Vmii1Verb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first4247zvoneam/zvoni, zvârleam/zvârli, zvârcoleam/zvârcoli, zvântam/zvânta, zvâcneam/zvâcni
Vmii1-----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first Clitic=yes463-nzorzonam/înzorzona, -nzideam/înzidi, -nzestram/înzestra, -nzeceam/înzeci, -nzdrăveneam/înzdrăveni
Vmii1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first Number=singular1torceam/toarce
Vmii1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first Number=plural1torceam/toarce
Vmii2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=singular4244zvoneai/zvoni, zvârleai/zvârli, zvârcoleai/zvârcoli, zvântai/zvânta, zvâcneai/zvâcni
Vmii2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes463-nzorzonai/înzorzona, -nzideai/înzidi, -nzestrai/înzestra, -nzeceai/înzeci, -nzdrăveneai/înzdrăveni
Vmii2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=plural4244zvoneaţi/zvoni, zvârleaţi/zvârli, zvârcoleaţi/zvârcoli, zvântaţi/zvânta, zvâcneaţi/zvâcni
Vmii2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonaţi/înzorzona, -nzideaţi/înzidi, -nzestraţi/înzestra, -nzeceaţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveneaţi/înzdrăveni
Vmii3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=singular4281zvonea/zvoni, zvârlea/zvârli, zvârcolea/zvârcoli, zvânta, zvâcnea/zvâcni
Vmii3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes473-nzorzona/înzorzona, -nzidea/înzidi, -nzestra/înzestra, -nzecea/înzeci, -nzdrăvenea/înzdrăveni
Vmii3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=plural4266zvoneau/zvoni, zvârleau/zvârli, zvârcoleau/zvârcoli, zvântau/zvânta, zvâcneau/zvâcni
Vmii3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonau/înzorzona, -nzideau/înzidi, -nzestrau/înzestra, -nzeceau/înzeci, -nzdrăveneau/înzdrăveni
Vmis1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=singular4235zvonii/zvoni, zvârlii/zvârli, zvârcolii/zvârcoli, zvântai/zvânta, zvâcnii/zvâcni
Vmis1s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonai/înzorzona, -nzidii/înzidi, -nzestrai/înzestra, -nzecii/înzeci, -nzdrăvenii/înzdrăveni
Vmis1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=plural4393zvonirăm/zvoni, zvârliserăm/zvârli, zvârlirăm/zvârli, zvârcolirăm/zvârcoli, zvântaserăm/zvânta
Vmis1p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonarăm/înzorzona, -nzidirăm/înzidi, -nzestrarăm/înzestra, -nzecirăm/înzeci, -nzdrăvenirăm/înzdrăveni
Vmis2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=singular4240zvonişi/zvoni, zvârlişi/zvârli, zvârcolişi/zvârcoli, zvântaşi/zvânta, zvâcnişi/zvâcni
Vmis2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaşi/înzorzona, -nzidişi/înzidi, -nzestraşi/înzestra, -nzecişi/înzeci, -nzdrăvenişi/înzdrăveni
Vmis2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=plural4393zvonirăţi/zvoni, zvârliserăţi/zvârli, zvârlirăţi/zvârli, zvârcolirăţi/zvârcoli, zvântaserăţi/zvânta
Vmis2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonarăţi/înzorzona, -nzidirăţi/înzidi, -nzestrarăţi/înzestra, -nzecirăţi/înzeci, -nzdrăvenirăţi/înzdrăveni
Vmis3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=singular4267zvoni, zvârli, zvârcoli, zvântă/zvânta, zvâcni
Vmis3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes470-nzorzonă/înzorzona, -nzidi/înzidi, -nzestră/înzestra, -nzeci/înzeci, -nzdrăveni/înzdrăveni
Vmis3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=plural4412zvoniră/zvoni, zvârliseră/zvârli, zvârliră/zvârli, zvârcoliră/zvârcoli, zvântaseră/zvânta
Vmis3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonară/înzorzona, -nzidiră/înzidi, -nzestrară/înzestra, -nzeciră/înzeci, -nzdrăveniră/înzdrăveni
Vmil1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=singular3800zvonisem/zvoni, zvârcolisem/zvârcoli, zvâcnisem/zvâcni, zuruisem/zurui, zumzăisem/zumzăi
Vmil1s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonasem/înzorzona, -nzidisem/înzidi, -nzestrasem/înzestra, -nzecisem/înzeci, -nzdrăvenisem/înzdrăveni
Vmil1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=plural4533zvoniserăm/zvoni, zvârlisem/zvârli, zvârcoliserăm/zvârcoli, zvântasem/zvânta, zvâcniserăm/zvâcni
Vmil1p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaserăm/înzorzona, -nzidiserăm/înzidi, -nzestraserăm/înzestra, -nzeciserăm/înzeci, -nzdrăveniserăm/înzdrăveni
Vmil2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=singular4240zvoniseşi/zvoni, zvârliseşi/zvârli, zvârcoliseşi/zvârcoli, zvântaseşi/zvânta, zvâcniseşi/zvâcni
Vmil2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaseşi/înzorzona, -nzidiseşi/înzidi, -nzestraseşi/înzestra, -nzeciseşi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniseşi/înzdrăveni
Vmil2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=plural4085zvoniserăţi/zvoni, zvârcoliserăţi/zvârcoli, zvâcniserăţi/zvâcni, zuruiserăţi/zurui, zumzăiserăţi/zumzăi
Vmil2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaserăţi/înzorzona, -nzidiserăţi/înzidi, -nzestraserăţi/înzestra, -nzeciserăţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniserăţi/înzdrăveni
Vmil3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=singular4269zvonise/zvoni, zvârlise/zvârli, zvârcolise/zvârcoli, zvântase/zvânta, zvâcnise/zvâcni
Vmil3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes470-nzorzonase/înzorzona, -nzidise/înzidi, -nzestrase/înzestra, -nzecise/înzeci, -nzdrăvenise/înzdrăveni
Vmil3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=plural4105zvoniseră/zvoni, zvârcoliseră/zvârcoli, zvâcniseră/zvâcni, zuruiseră/zurui, zumzăiseră/zumzăi
Vmil3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaseră/înzorzona, -nzidiseră/înzidi, -nzestraseră/înzestra, -nzeciseră/înzeci, -nzdrăveniseră/înzdrăveni
Vmsp1sVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=first Number=singular1fiu/fi
Vmsp1pVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=first Number=plural1fim/fi
Vmsp2sVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=second Number=singular1fii/fi
Vmsp2pVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=second Number=plural1fiţi/fi
Vmsp3Verb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third4294zvonească/zvoni, zvârle/zvârli, zvârcolească/zvârcoli, zvânte/zvânta, zvâcnească/zvâcni
Vmsp3-----yVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third Clitic=yes468-nzorzoneze/înzorzona, -nzidească/înzidi, -nzestreze/înzestra, -nzecească/înzeci, -nzdrăvenească/înzdrăveni
Vmsp3sVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third Number=singular10plouă/ploua, pese/păsa, ningă/ninge, înviforeze/învifora, întomneze/întomna
Vmsp3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes7-nviforeze/învifora, -ntomneze/întomna, -nroureze/înroura, -nnoreze/înnora, -nnegureze/înnegura
Vmm-2sVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=singular8309zvoni, zvoneşte/zvoni, zvârli, zvârle/zvârli, zvârcoli
Vmm-2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes915ţin/ţine, ofer/oferi, -nzorzonează/înzorzona, -nzorzona/înzorzona, -nzidi/înzidi
Vmm-2pVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=plural4246zvoniţi/zvoni, zvârliţi/zvârli, zvârcoliţi/zvârcoli, zvântaţi/zvânta, zvâcniţi/zvâcni
Vmm-2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonaţi/înzorzona, -nzidiţi/înzidi, -nzestraţi/înzestra, -nzeciţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniţi/înzdrăveni
VmnpVerb Type=main VForm=infinitive Tense=present4301zvoni, zvârli, zvârcoli, zvânta, zvâcni
Vmnp------yVerb Type=main VForm=infinitive Tense=present Clitic=yes475-nzorzona/înzorzona, -nzidi/înzidi, -nzestra/înzestra, -nzeci/înzeci, -nzdrăveni/înzdrăveni
Vmp--smVerb Type=main VForm=participle Number=singular Gender=masculine4300zvonit/zvoni, zvârlit/zvârli, zvârcolit/zvârcoli, zvântat/zvânta, zvâcnit/zvâcni
Vmp--sm---yVerb Type=main VForm=participle Number=singular Gender=masculine Clitic=yes3398zvonitu/zvoni, zvârlitu/zvârli, zvârcolitu/zvârcoli, zvântatu/zvânta, zvâcnitu/zvâcni
VmgVerb Type=main VForm=gerund12354zvonind/zvoni, zvârlind/zvârli, zvârcolind/zvârcoli, zvântând/zvânta, zvâcnind/zvâcni
Vmg-------yVerb Type=main VForm=gerund Clitic=yes12806zvonindu/zvoni, zvârlindu/zvârli, zvârcolindu/zvârcoli, zvântându/zvânta, zvâcnindu/zvâcni
Va--1Verb Type=auxiliary Person=first1am/avea
Va--1-----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Clitic=yes1-am/avea
Va--1sVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Number=singular3voi/vrea, oi/vrea, aş/avea
Va--1s----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes1-aş/avea
Va--1pVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Number=plural2vom/vrea, -vom/vrea
Va--2sVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=singular5vei/vrea, oi/vrea, îi/vrea, ăi/vrea, ai/avea
Va--2s----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes1-ai/avea
Va--2pVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=plural6veţi/vrea, -veţi/vrea, îţi/vrea, eţi/vrea, ăţi/vrea
Va--2p----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes1-aţi/avea
Va--3Verb Type=auxiliary Person=third1ar/avea
Va--3-----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Clitic=yes1-ar/avea
Va--3sVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=singular5va/vrea, -va/vrea, o/vrea, a/avea, a-/avea
Va--3s----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes1-a/avea
Va--3pVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=plural4vor/vrea, -vor/vrea, or/vrea, au/avea
Va--3p----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes1-au/avea
VanpVerb Type=auxiliary VForm=infinitive Tense=present1fi

3.2.4. Romanian Adjective

Specification for Romanian Adjective
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYAdjectiveA
1Typequalificativef
2Degreepositivep
comparativec
superlatives
3Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
4Numbersingulars
pluralp
5Casevocativev
directr
obliqueo
6Definitenessnon
yesy
7Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.4.1. Notes
  • Type: Although it is not common practice in Romanian linguistics, one could make the distinction between qualificative and determinative adjectives. However, the attribute-value pairs proposed in this section are appropriate for the qualificative adjectives.
  • Degree: The default value is positive; adjectives have also comparative and superlative degrees, but in most of the cases they are expressed by means of analytical forms (e.g. comp. mai bun (better), superl. cel mai bun (the best)). A few adjectives have intrinsic etymological comparative or superlative meanings (e.g. comparatives: anterior, major; superlatives: optim, maxim, extrem etc.). The prefixes super-, extra-, ultra- etc., are quite productive in forming the quasi-analytic1 superlatives. Adjectives are characterized by gender, number and case.
  • Case: The adjectives present the same case syncretism as the nouns, except for few adjectives that have an additional special form for Genitive-Dative cases in plural (e.g. G.D.pl. multor).
  • Definiteness: In noun-adjective construction, the definite article may attach enclitically to either adjectives or modified nouns (never to both of them). If present, the definite article attaches to the right of the first word in the sequence, e.g. Bunul om (The kind man) v.s. Omul bun. (The kind man)
  • Clitic: See discussion on Verb clitics.
3.2.4.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (64)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
AfpAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive93vivace, video, un_pic_de, un_fel_de, turcoaz
Afp-p-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Number=plural Definiteness=no313zglobii/zglobiu, zeieşti/zeiesc, zbanghii/zbanghiu, vultureşti/vulturesc, vulpeşti/vulpesc
Afp-p-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes1-ntregi/întreg
Afp-poyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes15verzuilor/verzui, tinereştilor/tineresc, timpuriilor/timpuriu, subţirilor/subţire, rozaliilor/rozaliu
Afpm--nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Definiteness=no5sugaci, greoi, dibaci, căprui, bălai
Afpms-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no14177zvonit, zvelt, zvârlit, zvârcolit, zvântat
Afpms-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no Clitic=yes132zbura'/zburat, 'yde/Hyde, trecu'/trecut, pomeni'/pomenit, -nzorzonat/înzorzonat
AfpmsvnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no3iubite/iubit, dragă/drag, bătrâne/bătrân
AfpmsvyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1857zvonitule/zvonit, zveltule/zvelt, zvârcolitule/zvârcolit, zvâcnitule/zvâcnit, zootehnicule/zootehnic
AfpmsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes8104zvonitul/zvonit, zveltul/zvelt, zvârlitul/zvârlit, zvârcolitul/zvârcolit, zvântatul/zvântat
AfpmsryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes118vechiu'/vechi, -nzorzonatul/înzorzonat, -nzestratul/înzestrat, -nzăpezitul/înzăpezit, -nvolburatul/învolburat
AfpmsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8099zvonitului/zvonit, zveltului/zvelt, zvârlitului/zvârlit, zvârcolitului/zvârcolit, zvântatului/zvântat
AfpmsoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatului/înzorzonat, -nzestratului/înzestrat, -nzăpezitului/înzăpezit, -nvolburatului/învolburat, -nverzitului/înverzit
Afpmp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no13695zvoniţi/zvonit, zvelţi/zvelt, zvârliţi/zvârlit, zvârcoliţi/zvârcolit, zvântaţi/zvântat
Afpmp-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes512-nzorzonaţi/înzorzonat, -nzidiţi/înzidit, -nzestraţi/înzestrat, -nzeciţi/înzecit, -nzdrăveniţi/înzdrăvenit
AfpmpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes8077zvoniţii/zvonit, zvelţii/zvelt, zvârliţii/zvârlit, zvârcoliţii/zvârcolit, zvântaţii/zvântat
AfpmpryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonaţii/înzorzonat, -nzestraţii/înzestrat, -nzăpeziţii/înzăpezit, -nvolburaţii/învolburat, -nverziţii/înverzit
AfpmpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8048zvoniţilor/zvonit, zvelţilor/zvelt, zvârliţilor/zvârlit, zvârcoliţilor/zvârcolit, zvântaţilor/zvântat
AfpmpoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonaţilor/înzorzonat, -nzestraţilor/înzestrat, -nzăpeziţilor/înzăpezit, -nvolburaţilor/învolburat, -nverziţilor/înverzit
Afpf--nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Definiteness=no593zvâcnitoare/zvâcnitor, zumzăitoare/zumzăitor, ziditoare/ziditor, zguduitoare/zguduitor, zeflemitoare/zeflemitor
Afpf--nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Definiteness=no Clitic=yes31-nvăluitoare/învăluitor, -ntreprinzătoare/întreprinzător, -ntrebătoare/întrebător, -nţepătoare/înţepător, -nţelegătoare/înţelegător
AfpfsvnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no1dragă/drag
AfpfsvyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1838zvonito/zvonit, zvelto/zvelt, zvârcolito/zvârcolit, zvâcnito/zvâcnit, zuruito/zuruit
AfpfsrnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no13437zvonită/zvonit, zveltă/zvelt, zvârlită/zvârlit, zvârcolită/zvârcolit, zvântată/zvântat
AfpfsrnyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes87-nzorzonată/înzorzonat, -nzestrată/înzestrat, -nzăpezită/înzăpezit, -nvolburată/învolburat, -nverzită/înverzit
AfpfsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes8046zvonita/zvonit, zvelta/zvelt, zvârlita/zvârlit, zvârcolita/zvârcolit, zvântata/zvântat
AfpfsryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonata/înzorzonat, -nzestrata/înzestrat, -nzăpezita/înzăpezit, -nvolburata/învolburat, -nverzita/înverzit
AfpfsonAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no13425zvonite/zvonit, zvelte/zvelt, zvârlite/zvârlit, zvârcolite/zvârcolit, zvântate/zvântat
AfpfsonyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no Clitic=yes86-nzorzonate/înzorzonat, -nzestrate/înzestrat, -nzăpezite/înzăpezit, -nvolburate/învolburat, -nverzite/înverzit
AfpfsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8055zvonitei/zvonit, zveltei/zvelt, zvârlitei/zvârlit, zvârcolitei/zvârcolit, zvântatei/zvântat
AfpfsoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatei/înzorzonat, -nzestratei/înzestrat, -nzăpezitei/înzăpezit, -nvolburatei/învolburat, -nverzitei/înverzit
Afpfp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no13141zvonite/zvonit, zvelte/zvelt, zvârlite/zvârlit, zvârcolite/zvârcolit, zvântate/zvântat
Afpfp-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes87-nzorzonate/înzorzonat, -nzestrate/înzestrat, -nzăpezite/înzăpezit, -nvolburate/învolburat, -nverzite/înverzit
AfpfpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes8069zvonitele/zvonit, zveltele/zvelt, zvârlitele/zvârlit, zvârcolitele/zvârcolit, zvântatele/zvântat
AfpfpryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatele/înzorzonat, -nzestratele/înzestrat, -nzăpezitele/înzăpezit, -nvolburatele/învolburat, -nverzitele/înverzit
AfpfponAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=no2serbede/searbăd, ataror/atare
AfpfpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8054zvonitelor/zvonit, zveltelor/zvelt, zvârlitelor/zvârlit, zvârcolitelor/zvârcolit, zvântatelor/zvântat
AfpfpoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatelor/înzorzonat, -nzestratelor/înzestrat, -nzăpezitelor/înzăpezit, -nvolburatelor/învolburat, -nverzitelor/înverzit
Afcms-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no1superior
Afcmp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no1superiori/superior
AfcmpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes1superiorii/superior
AfcmpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1superiorilor/superior
AfcfsrnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no1superioară/superior
AfcfsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes1superioara/superior
AfcfsonAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no1superioare/superior
AfcfsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1superioarei/superior
Afcfp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no1superioare/superior
AfcfpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes1superioarele/superior
AfcfpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1superioarelor/superior
AfsAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative1extra
Afsms-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no5preaiubit, preafrumos, preafericit, perfect, extrem
AfsmsvyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1preafericitule/preafericit
AfsmsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes4preaiubitul/preaiubit, preafrumosul/preafrumos, preafericitul/preafericit, perfectul/perfect
AfsmsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes4preaiubitului/preaiubit, preafrumosului/preafrumos, preafericitului/preafericit, perfectului/perfect
Afsmp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no5preaiubiţi/preaiubit, preafrumoşi/preafrumos, preafericiţi/preafericit, perfecţi/perfect, extremi/extrem
AfsmpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes5preaiubiţii/preaiubit, preafrumoşii/preafrumos, preafericiţii/preafericit, perfecţii/perfect, extremii/extrem
AfsmpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes5preaiubiţilor/preaiubit, preafrumoşilor/preafrumos, preafericiţilor/preafericit, perfecţilor/perfect, extremilor/extrem
AfsfsrnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no5preaiubită/preaiubit, preafrumoasă/preafrumos, preafericită/preafericit, perfectă/perfect, extremă/extrem
AfsfsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes5preaiubita/preaiubit, preafrumoasa/preafrumos, preafericita/preafericit, perfecta/perfect, extrema/extrem
AfsfsonAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no5preaiubite/preaiubit, preafrumoase/preafrumos, preafericite/preafericit, perfecte/perfect, extreme/extrem
AfsfsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes5preaiubitei/preaiubit, preafrumoasei/preafrumos, preafericitei/preafericit, perfectei/perfect, extremei/extrem
Afsfp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no5preaiubite/preaiubit, preafrumoase/preafrumos, preafericite/preafericit, perfecte/perfect, extreme/extrem
AfsfpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes5preaiubitele/preaiubit, preafrumoasele/preafrumos, preafericitele/preafericit, perfectele/perfect, extremele/extrem
AfsfpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes5preaiubitelor/preaiubit, preafrumoaselor/preafrumos, preafericitelor/preafericit, perfectelor/perfect, extremelor/extrem

3.2.5. Romanian Pronoun

Specification for Romanian Pronoun
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYPronounP
1Typepersonalp
demonstratived
indefinitei
possessives
reflexivex
negativez
int-relw
2Personfirst1
second2
third3
3Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
4Numbersingulars
pluralp
5Casenominativen
genitiveg
datived
accusativea
vocativev
directr
obliqueo
6Owner_Numbersingulars
pluralp
8Cliticnon
yesy
14Pronoun_Formstrongs
weakw
3.2.5.1. Notes
  • Type: In Romanian it is worth differentiating the negative pronoun from other indefinite pronouns: a negative pronoun cannot be an argument for a verb unless the verb itself is negated too (e.g. Nu am văzut pe nimeni / *Am văzut pe nimeni).
  • Case: For the second person of the personal pronoun in both singular and plural there is the vocative case too. The direct and oblique values are needed for the syncretic causal forms of the other pronouns than the personal ones.
  • Owner_Number: This attribute is meaningful for the Possessive pronouns and refers to the grammatical number of the possessor. The gramatical number of the possesed object(s) is expressed by the attribute Number.
  • Owner_Gender: This attribute is irrelevant for Romanian.
  • Clitic: See discussion on Verb clitics.
  • Pronoun_Form: For Romanian we need an attribute (called Pronoun_Form) to make the distinction between strong and weak forms of the same pronoun. All the weak forms can be adjoined to the adjacent words both proclitically or enclitically. In such cases the junction is always graphically marked by a hyphen between the pronoun and the neighboring word. The hyphen also marks possible elisions from either pronoun or the adjacent word. Although in traditional grammar books the demonstrative, int_rel and indefinite pronouns are not characterised by person, in our dictionaries they are recorded (for reasons beyond morpho-lexical encoding) as 3rd person (the same as nouns). However, for the automatic tagging this value has been marked as irrelevant.
3.2.5.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (131)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
Pp1-sn--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=nominative Pronoun_Form=strong1eu
Pp1-sd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1mie/eu
Pp1-sd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2mi/eu, îmi/eu
Pp1-sd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4-m'/îmi, mi-/eu, -mi/eu, îm'/îmi
Pp1-sa--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=strong1mine/eu
Pp1-sa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1mă/eu
Pp1-sa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4m-/eu, -m/eu, mă-/eu, -mă/eu
Pp1-sr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong1io/eu
Pp1-pd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1nouă/noi
Pp1-pd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2ni/noi, ne/noi
Pp1-pd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4ni-/noi, -ni/noi, ne-/noi, -ne/noi
Pp1-pa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1ne/noi
Pp1-pa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2ne-/noi, -ne/noi
Pp1-pr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong1noi
Pp2-----------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Pronoun_Form=strong1dumneavoastră
Pp2-s---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Pronoun_Form=strong1matale/mata
Pp2-sn--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=nominative Pronoun_Form=strong1tu
Pp2-sd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1ţie/tu
Pp2-sd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2ţi/tu, îţi/tu
Pp2-sd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak7ţi-/tu, 'ţi/tu, -ţi/tu, ţ'/îţi, -ţ/îţi
Pp2-sa--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=strong1tine/tu
Pp2-sa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1te/tu
Pp2-sa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2te-/tu, -te/tu
Pp2-sr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2mata, dumneata
Pp2-so--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dumitale/dumneata
Pp2-pd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1vouă/voi
Pp2-pd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2vi/voi, vă/voi
Pp2-pd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak6v-/voi, -v/voi, vi-/voi, -vi/voi, vă-/voi
Pp2-pa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1vă/voi
Pp2-pa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4v-/voi, -v/voi, vă-/voi, -vă/voi
Pp2-pr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong1voi
Pp3-sd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2îi/el, i/el
Pp3-sd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2i-/el, -i/el
Pp3-sr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2dumneasa, domnia_sa
Pp3-so--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dumisale/dumneasa
Pp3-p---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Pronoun_Form=strong1dumnealor/dumnealui
Pp3-pd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2li/el, le/el
Pp3-pd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4li-/el, -li/el, le-/el, -le/el
Pp3-po--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1lor/el
Pp3ms---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Pronoun_Form=strong1dumnealui
Pp3msa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1îl/el
Pp3msa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak3l/el, l-/el, -l/el
Pp3msr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong3iel/el, el, dânsul
Pp3msr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1însul
Pp3mso--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1lui/el
Pp3mpa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1îi/el
Pp3mpa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2i-/el, -i/el
Pp3mpr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2ei/el, dânşii/dânsul
Pp3mpr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1înşii/însul
Pp3mpo--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dânşilor/dânsul
Pp3fs---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Pronoun_Form=strong1dumneaei/dumnealui
Pp3fsa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak2o/el, o-/el
Pp3fsa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak1-o/el
Pp3fsr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2ea/el, dânsa/dânsul
Pp3fsr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1însa/însul
Pp3fso--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong2ei/el, dânsei/dânsul
Pp3fpa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1le/el
Pp3fpa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2le-/el, -le/el
Pp3fpr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong3iele/ele, ele/el, dânsele/dânsul
Pp3fpr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1însele/însul
Pp3fpo--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dânselor/dânsul
Pd3-poPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique6celora/cela, ăstora/ăsta, ălora/ăla, acestora/acesta, aceloraşi/acelaşi
Pd3msrPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct8cestălalt, celălalt, cela, ăsta, ăla
Pd3msr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-ăla/ăla
Pd3msoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique8cestuilalt/cestălalt, celuilalt/celălalt, celuia/cela, ăstuia/ăsta, ăluia/ăla
Pd3mprPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct9ceştilalţi/cestălalt, ceilalţi/celălalt, ceia/cela, ăştia/ăsta, ăi/ăla
Pd3mpr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-ăştia/ăsta, -ăia/ăla
Pd3mpoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalţi/cestălalt, celorlalţi/celălalt
Pd3fsrPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct8ceea/cela, ceastălaltă/cestălalt, cealaltă/celălalt, asta/ăsta, aia/ăla
Pd3fsr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes2ast-/ăsta, ast/asta
Pd3fsoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique8cesteilalte/cestălalt, celeilalte/celălalt, celeia/cela, ăsteia/ăsta, ăleia/ăla
Pd3fprPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct9cestelalte/cestălalt, celelalte/celălalt, cele/cela, celea/cela, astea/ăsta
Pd3fpr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-astea/ăsta, -alea/ăla
Pd3fpoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalte/cestălalt, celorlalte/celălalt
Pi3Pronoun Type=indefinite Person=third3oarecare, niscaiva, a_dreaptă
Pi3--rPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Case=direct4oricare, cutare, cine_ştie_cine, cine_ştie_ce
Pi3-srPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct14orişicine, orişice, orişicare, oricine, orice
Pi3-soPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique4orişicui/orişicine, oricui/oricine, cuiva/cineva, altcuiva/altcineva
Pi3-poPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique13vreunora/vreunul, unora/unul, tuturor/tot, tuturora/tot, orişicâtor/orişicât
Pi3msrPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct17vreunul, unul, -unul/unul, totul/tot, tot
Pi3msr--yPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes5unu/unul, unu'/unul, unu-/unul, totu/tot, totu'/tot
Pi3msoPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique9vreunuia/vreunul, unuia/unul, totului/tot, orişicăruia/orişicare, oricăruia/oricare
Pi3mprPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct12vreunii/vreunul, unii/unul, toţi/tot, puţini/puţin, orişicâţi/orişicât
Pi3fsrPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct11vreuna/vreunul, una/unul, toată/tot, puţină/puţin, orişicâtă/orişicât
Pi3fsoPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique7vreuneia/vreunul, uneia/unul, orişicăreia/orişicare, oricăreia/oricare, fiecăreia/fiecare
Pi3fprPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct14vreunele/vreunul, unele/unul, toate/tot, puţine/puţin, orişicâte/orişicât
Ps1ms-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1meu
Ps1ms-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1nostru
Ps1mp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mei/meu
Ps1mp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noştri/nostru
Ps1fsrsPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1mea/meu
Ps1fsrpPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1noastră/nostru
Ps1fp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mele/meu
Ps1fp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noastre/nostru
Ps2ms-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1tău
Ps2ms-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1vostru
Ps2msrs-yPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-tău/tău
Ps2mp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tăi/tău
Ps2mp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voştri/vostru
Ps2fsrsPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1ta/tău
Ps2fsrpPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1voastră/vostru
Ps2fp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tale/tău
Ps2fp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voastre/vostru
Ps3ms-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1său
Ps3mp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1săi/său
Ps3fsrsPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1sa/său
Ps3fp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1sale/său
Px3--d--------sPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong2sieşi, sie/sieşi
Px3--d--------wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2şi/sieşi, îşi/sieşi
Px3--d--y-----wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2şi-/sieşi, -şi/sieşi
Px3--a--------sPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=strong2sineşi/sine, sine
Px3--a--------wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak2se/sine, să/se
Px3--a--y-----wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4s-/sine, -s/sine, se-/sine, -se/sine
Pz3-srPronoun Type=negative Person=third Number=singular Case=direct4nimic, nimica, nimeni, nimenea
Pz3-soPronoun Type=negative Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique2nimănui/nimeni, nimănuia/nimeni
Pz3-poPronoun Type=negative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique1nici_unora/nici_unul
Pz3msrPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct1nici_unul
Pz3msoPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique1nici_unuia/nici_unul
Pz3mprPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1nici_unii/nici_unul
Pz3fsrPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1nici_una/nici_unul
Pz3fsoPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1nici_uneia/nici_unul
Pz3fprPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1nici_unele/nici_unul
Pw3--rPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Case=direct6de, dă/de, cine, ceea_ce, ce
Pw3-soPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique1cui/cine
Pw3-poPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique3câtor/cât, căror/care, cărora/care
Pw3msrPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2câtelea, cât
Pw3msoPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique2cărui/care, căruia/care
Pw3mprPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1câţi/cât
Pw3fsrPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2câtă/cât, câta/câtelea
Pw3fsoPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique2cărei/care, căreia/care
Pw3fprPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1câte/cât

3.2.6. Romanian Determiner

Specification for Romanian Determiner
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYDeterminerD
1Typedemonstratived
indefinitei
possessives
int-relw
negativez
emphatich
2Personfirst1
second2
third3
3Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
4Numbersingulars
pluralp
5Casedirectr
obliqueo
6Owner_Numbersingulars
pluralp
8Cliticnon
yesy
9Modific_Typeprenomine
postnomino
3.2.6.1. Notes
  • Type: The need for a negative value of the determiners' Type attribute is argued on the same lines as in the section on pronoun' s Type. In Romanian the negative determiner is expressed by the unit nici + indefinite article (e.g. nici un, nici o). In Romanian, there are specific forms for the so-called emphatic determiner, which may accompany both a noun and a personal pronoun: fata însăşi (the girl herself), also ea însăşi (she herself).
  • Person: This attribute is meaningful for the Possessive determiners and refers to the grammatical person of the possessor.
  • Owner_Number: This attribute is meaningful for the Possessive determiners and refers to the grammatical number of the possessor.
  • Owner_Gender: This attribute is irrelevant for Romanian.
  • Clitic: See discussion on Verb clitics.
  • Modific_Type: As mentioned in the corresponding section on Pronoun, the Modific_Type attribute is relevant for some determiners too. The prenominal determiner always precedes the noun (e.g.acest băiat - this boy), whereas the postnominal determiner appears only after the noun (e.g. băiatul acesta - this boy).
  • Although in traditional grammar books the demonstrative, indefinite and int_rel determiners are not characterised by person, in our dictionaries they are recorded (for reasons beyond morpho-lexical encoding) as 3rd person (the same as nouns). However, for the automatic tagging this value has been marked as irrelevant.
3.2.6.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (117)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
Dd3-po---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin5ăstor/ăst, ălor/ăl, acestor/acest, aceloraşi/acelaşi, acelor/acel
Dd3-po---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=postnomin5celora/cela, ăstora/ăsta, ălora/ăla, acestora/acesta, acelora/acela
Dd3msrDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2cestălalt, celălalt
Dd3msr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin5ăst, ăl, acest, acelaşi, acel
Dd3msr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5cela, ăsta, ăla, acesta, acela
Dd3msr--yoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=postnomin1-ăla/ăla
Dd3msoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique2cestuilalt/cestălalt, celuilalt/celălalt
Dd3mso---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin5ăstui/ăst, ălui/ăl, acestui/acest, aceluiaşi/acelaşi, acelui/acel
Dd3mso---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=postnomin5celuia/cela, ăstuia/ăsta, ăluia/ăla, acestuia/acesta, aceluia/acela
Dd3mprDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct2ceştilalţi/cestălalt, ceilalţi/celălalt
Dd3mpr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin5ăşti/ăst, ăi/ăl, aceşti/acest, aceiaşi/acelaşi, acei/acel
Dd3mpr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5ceia/cela, ăştia/ăsta, ăia/ăla, aceştia/acesta, aceia/acela
Dd3mpr--yoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=postnomin1-ăia/ăla
Dd3mpoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalţi/cestălalt, celorlalţi/celălalt
Dd3fsrDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2ceastălaltă/cestălalt, cealaltă/celălalt
Dd3fsr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin4astă/ăst, aceeaşi/acelaşi, această/acest, acea/acel
Dd3fsr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5ceea/cela, asta/ăsta, aia/ăla, aceea/acela, aceasta/acesta
Dd3fsr--yeDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=prenomin2-această/acest, -acea/acel
Dd3fsr--yoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=postnomin1-aceasta/acesta
Dd3fsoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique2cesteilalte/cestălalt, celeilalte/celălalt
Dd3fso---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin5ăstei/ăst, ălei/ăl, acestei/acest, aceleiaşi/acelaşi, acelei/acel
Dd3fso---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=postnomin5celeia/cela, ăsteia/ăsta, ăleia/ăla, acesteia/acesta, aceleia/acela
Dd3fprDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct2cestelalte/cestălalt, celelalte/celălalt
Dd3fpr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin4aste/ăst, aceste/acest, aceleaşi/acelaşi, acele/acel
Dd3fpr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5celea/cela, astea/ăsta, alea/ăla, acestea/acesta, acelea/acela
Dd3fpr--yDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-astea/ăsta, -alea/ăla
Dd3fpoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalte/cestălalt, celorlalte/celălalt
Di3Determiner Type=indefinite Person=third3oarece, oarecare, nişte
Di3------eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Modific_Type=prenomin2niscaiva, niscai
Di3-----yDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Clitic=yes1to'/tot
Di3--rDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Case=direct1oareşicare
Di3--r---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin4orice, oricare, cutare, cine_ştie_care
Di3-s----eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Modific_Type=prenomin1alde
Di3-srDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct1atâta/atât
Di3-sr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin5orişice, orişicare, fiece, fiecare, ceva
Di3-sr--yDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-atâta/atât
Di3-poDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique3tuturor/tot, câtorva/câtva, atâtor/atât
Di3-po---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin6vreunor/vreun, oricăror/oricare, multor/mult, cutăror/cutare, anumitor/anumit
Di3msDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular2puţin, anumit
Di3msrDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct4tot, mult, câtva, atât
Di3msr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2vreun, alt
Di3msr--yDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-atât/atât
Di3mso---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin7vreunui/vreun, orişicărui/orişicare, oricărui/oricare, fiecărui/fiecare, cutărui/cutare
Di3mpDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural3puţini/puţin, mulţi/mult, anumiţi/anumit
Di3mprDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct5toţi/tot, câţiva/câtva, atâţi/atât, atâţia/atât, -atâţia/atât
Di3mpr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin3vreunii/vreun, unii/un, alţi/alt
Di3fsrDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct5toată/tot, puţină/puţin, multă/mult, câtăva/câtva, anumită/anumit
Di3fsr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2vreo/vreun, altă/alt
Di3fsoDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique3puţine/puţin, multe/mult, anumite/anumit
Di3fso---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin7vreunei/vreun, orişicărei/orişicare, oricărei/oricare, fiecărei/fiecare, cutărei/cutare
Di3fpDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural3puţine/puţin, multe/mult, anumite/anumit
Di3fprDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct3toate/tot, câteva/câtva, atâtea/atât
Di3fpr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin3vreunele/vreun, unele/un, alte/alt
Ds1ms-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1meu
Ds1ms-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1nostru
Ds1msrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes2-miu/meu, -meu/meu
Ds1mp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mei/meu
Ds1mp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noştri/nostru
Ds1fsrsDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1mea/meu
Ds1fsrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-mea/mea
Ds1fsrpDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1noastră/nostru
Ds1fsosDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular1mele/meu
Ds1fsos-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-mii/mea
Ds1fsopDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=plural1noastre/nostru
Ds1fp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mele/meu
Ds1fp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noastre/nostru
Ds2ms-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1tău
Ds2ms-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1vostru
Ds2msrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes2-tu/tău, -tău/tău
Ds2mp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tăi/tău
Ds2mp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voştri/vostru
Ds2fsrsDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1ta/tău
Ds2fsrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-ta/ta
Ds2fsrpDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1voastră/vostru
Ds2fsosDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular1tale/tău
Ds2fsos-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-tii/ta
Ds2fsopDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=plural1voastre/vostru
Ds2fp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tale/tău
Ds2fp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voastre/vostru
Ds3ms-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1său
Ds3msrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes2-su/său, -său/său
Ds3mp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1săi/său
Ds3fsrsDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1sa/său
Ds3fsrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-sa/sa
Ds3fsosDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular1sale/său
Ds3fsos-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-sii/sa
Ds3fp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1sale/său
Dw3--r---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2ce, care
Dw3-poDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique1câtor/cât
Dw3-po---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1căror/care
Dw3msrDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2câtelea, cât
Dw3mso---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1cărui/care
Dw3mprDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1câţi/cât
Dw3fsrDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2câta/câtelea, câtă/cât
Dw3fso---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1cărei/care
Dw3fprDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1câte/cât
Dz3-po---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unor/nici_un
Dz3msr---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_un
Dz3mso---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unui/nici_un
Dz3mpr---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unii/nici_un
Dz3fsr---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2nici-o/nici_un, nici_o/nici_un
Dz3fso---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unei/nici_un
Dh1msDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular1însumi
Dh1mpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural1înşine/însumi
Dh1fsrDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1însămi/însumi
Dh1fsoDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1însemi/însumi
Dh1fpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural1însene/însumi
Dh2msDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular1însuţi/însumi
Dh2mpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural1înşivă/însumi
Dh2fsrDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1însăţi/însumi
Dh2fsoDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1înseţi/însumi
Dh2fpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural1însevă/însumi
Dh3msDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular1însuşi/însumi
Dh3mpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural1înşişi/însumi
Dh3fsrDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1însăşi/însumi
Dh3fsoDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1înseşi/însumi
Dh3fpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural2înseşi/însumi, însele/însumi

3.2.7. Romanian Article

Specification for Romanian Article
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYArticleT
1Typedefinitef
indefinitei
possessives
demonstratived
2Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
3Numbersingulars
pluralp
4Casedirectr
obliqueo
5Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.7.1. Notes
  • Type: Although it presents only a few items, the article in Romanian has four types, unlike in most of the European languages. Beside the two recommended types: definite and indefinite which have the generally known semantic value, Romanian uses two additional types of articles, which are semantically subordinated to the definite article but which have special forms and meanings: (1) the possessive article (also called genitival article) is an element in the structure of the possessive pronoun, of the ordinal numeral (e.g. al meu (mine) and al treilea (the third)), and of the indefinite genitive forms of the nouns (e.g. capitol al cărţii (chapter of the book)). (2) the demonstrative article links a definite noun to its determinants, links a numeral or an adjective to a noun, and it is a constituent part of the relative superlative (e.g. fata cea mare (the elder girl), cel lenes, (the lazy), respectively prietenul cel mai bun (the best friend)).
  • Note that the definite article has only enclitic forms, except for one proclitical form (lui + proper noun: lui Ion).
  • Clitic: The inflected forms of the foreign-origin words (mainly nouns) not fully assimilated, are usually written with a hyphen between the base-form and the inflectional ending. In our encoding, we classified these endings (which are supposed to be split by the segmenter) as clitic articles (clitic attribute is always "y") which can be either definite (type=f, "-istul") or indefinite (type=i, "ist") and are characterised by gender (gender=m, "ist"; gender=f, "istă"), number (number=s, "ist"; number=p, "işti") and case (case=r, "istul"; case=o, "istului").
3.2.7.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (32)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
Tf-soArticle Type=definite Number=singular Case=oblique1lui
Tfms-yArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=singular Clitic=yes1-lea
TfmsryArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes2-ul, -istul
TfmsoyArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Clitic=yes2-ului, -istului
TfmpryArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes1-iştii
TfmpoyArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Clitic=yes2-iştilor, -ilor
Tffs-yArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=singular Clitic=yes1-a
TffsoyArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Clitic=yes1-istei
TffpryArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-urile, -istele
TffpoyArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Clitic=yes2-urilor, -istelor
Ti-poArticle Type=indefinite Number=plural Case=oblique1unor/un
TimsrArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2un, -un/un
TimsryArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-ist
TimsoArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique1unui/un
Timp-yArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=plural Clitic=yes2-işti, -i
TifsrArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2o/un, -o/un
TifsryArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-istă
TifsoArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1unei/un
TifsoyArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Clitic=yes1-iste
Tifp-yArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=plural Clitic=yes2-uri, -iste
Ts-poArticle Type=possessive Number=plural Case=oblique1alor/al
TsmsArticle Type=possessive Gender=masculine Number=singular2al, -al/al
TsmpArticle Type=possessive Gender=masculine Number=plural1ai/al
TsfsArticle Type=possessive Gender=feminine Number=singular1a/al
TsfpArticle Type=possessive Gender=feminine Number=plural1ale/al
Td-poArticle Type=demonstrative Number=plural Case=oblique1celor/cel
TdmsrArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct1cel
TdmsoArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique1celui/cel
TdmprArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1cei/cel
TdfsrArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1cea/cel
TdfsoArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1celei/cel
TdfprArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1cele/cel

3.2.8. Romanian Adverb

Specification for Romanian Adverb
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYAdverbR
1Typegeneralg
particlep
negativez
modifierm
int-relw
portmanteauc
2Degreepositivep
comparativec
superlatives
3Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.8.1. Notes
  • Type: The distinction proposed here considers the principal syntactic properties of the adverbs. For Romanian, the general type includes most of the pronominal adverbs (demonstrative: aici (here), indefinite: oriunde (anywhere)). As argued before for pronouns and determiners, a distinct negative value is needed for adverbs as well (nicăieri - nowhere, niciodată - never). The particle type covers those adverbs which can dislocate verbal compound forms (ex. Ea a tot cântat -- She has ever sung) or mark degrees (ex. circa (about), foarte (very), prea (too)). Such adverbs are cam, mai, prea, şi, tot, foarte etc. A useful distinction in Romanian considers the adverbs which can have predicative role, that is they can govern a subordinate sentence (ex. Fireşte că o ştiu -- Certainly I know it). Here (for uniformity within a multilingual environment), they are squeezed into the modifier class. No formal distinction is made between the interrogative adverbs and the relative ones. The "portmanteau" type of adverb was introduced to cover some few words which can be both adverbs and conjunctions (with adverbial reading more frequent). This was necessary for tagging purposes.
  • Degree: In Romanian, the comparative and superlative of adverbs is formed analytically with mai (puţin), cel mai (puţin), foarte: ex. mai repede (faster), cel mai devreme (at the earliest). Nonetheless there are some adverbs with comparative or superlative meaning (ex. optim, ulterior,. definitiv). These adverbs can be used for expressing the absolute superlative of other adverbs or adjectives: ex. extrem de bine, formidabil de frumos.
  • Clitic: See discussion on Verb clitics.
3.2.8.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (10)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
RgpAdverb Type=general Degree=positive1262zi-de-zi, zi_de_zi, zelos, zdravăn, zadarnic
RgpyAdverb Type=general Degree=positive Clitic=yes57tocma'/tocmai, parc-/parcă, numa'/numai, -ntruna/întruna, -ntrucâtva/întrucâtva
RgcAdverb Type=general Degree=comparative3superior, succesiv, din_ce_în_ce_mai
RgsAdverb Type=general Degree=superlative12straşnic, preafrumos, perfect, nespus, nemaipomenit
RpAdverb Type=particle7tot, tot_atât_de, prea, mai, la_fel_de
Rp-yAdverb Type=particle Clitic=yes2to'/tot, ma'/mai
RzAdverb Type=negative10niciunde, niciodată, nici, nicidecum, nicidecât
RwAdverb Type=int-rel17unde, precum, pe_cât, oareşicum, oareşicând
Rw-yAdverb Type=int-rel Clitic=yes1cân'/când
RcAdverb Type=portmanteau7în_loc, iar, iară, dicât/decât, decât

3.2.9. Romanian Adposition

Specification for Romanian Adposition
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYAdpositionS
1Typeprepositionp
2Formationsimples
compoundc
3Casegenitiveg
datived
accusativea
4Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.9.1. Notes
  • Type: It is the preposition type which is only pertinent to Romanian, although some intercalating adpositions may be seen as a sort of circumposition, for instance între...şi... (between..and...).
  • Formation: In Romanian there is a distinct class of compound prepositions. Each of them forms a formal and semantic unit, although graphically they stay unfused, e.g. de la, pe la, de pe, etc.
  • Case: This attribute marks the subcategorisation properties of the adpositions.
  • Clitic: See discussion on Verb clitics.
3.2.9.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (7)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
SpsgAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=genitive18primprejurul, jurul, înlăuntrul, îndărătul, înăuntrul
SpsgyAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=genitive Clitic=yes3-naintea/înaintea, -mpotriva/împotriva, asupră/asupra
SpsdAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=dative7potrivit, mulţumită, întocmai, graţie, datorită
SpsaAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=accusative35sub, spre, pro, printru, printre
SpsayAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=accusative Clitic=yes28printr-/printru, p'/pe, p-/pe, pe-/pe, pentr-/pentru
SpcgAdposition Type=preposition Formation=compound Case=genitive48prin_preajma, prin_jurul, prin_intermediul, prin_faţa, pe_potriva
SpcaAdposition Type=preposition Formation=compound Case=accusative39potrivit_cu, pe_sub, pe_la, pe_lângă, pe_după

3.2.10. Romanian Conjunction

Specification for Romanian Conjunction
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYConjunctionC
1Typecoordinatingc
subordinatings
portmanteaur
2Formationsimples
compoundc
3Coord_Typesimples
repetitr
correlatc
4Sub_Typenegativez
positivep
5Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.10.1. Notes
  • Type:
    The distinction between coordinating and subordinating conjunctions is pertinent to Romanian as well. The "portmanteau" type of conjunction applies only to the word "şi" which can be both a coordonating conjunction and an adverb. The distinctionamong these interpretations is rather tricky for the average native speaker and was a constant source of noise in automatic tagging. Therefore, for the sake of automatic processing we defined this "portmanteau" type value.
  • Formation:
    As with prepositions, we can distinguish two kinds of conjunctions in Romanian: (1) simple conjunctions: e.g. şi,dar,deşi etc. (2) conjunctions formed periphrastically, with some word/phrase combined by a conjunction: din moment ce, fără să, fat,ă de cum etc.
  • Coord_Type:
    In Romanian, there are three kinds of conjunctions depending on their usage: as such or together with other conjunctions or adverbs: (1) simple, between conjuncts: Ion ori Maria (John or Mary); (2) repetitive, before each conjunct: fie Ion fie Maria fie... (either John or Mary or...) (3) correlative, before a conjoined phrase, it requires specific coordinators between conjuncts: atât mama cât şi tata (both mother and father).
  • With respect to the place of the conjunctions, most of them stay before the conjunct, except for: aşadar, deci (so), dar, însă (but), dacă (if), which also appear with expressive value inside the conjoined sentence.
  • Sub_Type:
    In Romanian, each conjunction requires another mood, so that the diversity may be controlled by subcategorisation rules. This attribute distinguishes among the positive and negative conjunctions, providing means to control verbal double negation, (as in case of the negative pronouns, determiners and adverbs): nici NU am venit, nimeni NU vorbeşte, nici_un tren N-a trecut, nicăieri N-am văzut
  • Clitic:
    See discussion on Verb clitics.
3.2.10.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (7)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
CcsspConjunction Type=coordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive12sau, or, ori, însă, fie
CcsspyConjunction Type=coordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive Clitic=yes4ş-/şi, or'/ori, -nsă/însă, da'/dar
CccspConjunction Type=coordinating Formation=compound Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive2va_să_zică, aşa_că
CssspConjunction Type=subordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive11până, întrucât, încât, fiindcă, fără
CssspyConjunction Type=subordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive Clitic=yes7pân/până, pân-/până, până-/până, fiindc-/fiindcă, de-/de
CscspConjunction Type=subordinating Formation=compound Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive35precum_şi, pentru_că, pentru_ca, pe_măsură_ce, pe_câtă_vreme
CrsspConjunction Type=portmanteau Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive4ş'/şi, şî/şi, şi, şi-/şi

3.2.11. Romanian Numeral

Specification for Romanian Numeral
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYNumeralM
1Typecardinalc
ordinalo
fractalf
multiplem
collectl
2Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
3Numbersingulars
pluralp
4Casedirectr
obliqueo
5Formdigitd
romanr
letterl
bothb
6Definitenessnon
yesy
7Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.11.1. Notes
  • Type:
    Traditional Romanian grammars usually distinguish seven numeral types, where five of them have specific forms and the other two are obtained by composition. The first group is made up by the following numeral types: cardinal (trei-three), ordinal (al treilea-the third), fractional (treime-one third), multiple (întreit-trine), collective (amândoi-both). The second group contains the numeral types which are composed by means of other parts of speech: distributive (câte trei-...each three...), adverbial (de trei ori-thrice) and again the collective numeral which also has compound forms (toţi trei-all three). Nonetheless, as the numerals of the second group have a weak syntactic cohesion, namely each composition element may be regarded as an element of the sentence, with its own grammatical function, these last numeral types are irrelevant for the morphosyntactic annotation.
  • In Romanian (as in many other languages) several numerals have noun behaviour (some grammarians classify such numerals as nouns) with gender and declension of their own, which they preserve even in the composition of the superior order numerals; these are, for instance, sută (hundred), mie (thousand), milion (million) and miliard (billion). In a sentence most numerals may fulfill the function of other parts of speech like noun, determiner or adverb.
  • Definiteness:
    By virtue of their noun or adjective value, some numerals may take the enclitic article (prim/primul - first/the first). Consequently for the Romanian, definiteness attribute helps distinguish the enclitic forms from the other forms.
  • Clitic:
    See discussion on Verb clitics.
3.2.11.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (82)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
Mc-s-dNumeral Type=cardinal Number=singular Form=digit2799, 98, 85, 6079, 4
Mc-p-lNumeral Type=cardinal Number=plural Form=letter64zero, zero-opt-treizeci, zece, zece-unsprezece, zece-mia
Mcms-lnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Form=letter Definiteness=no2milion, miliard
McmsrlNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter1unu
McmsrlyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes3unul/unu, milionul/milion, miliardul/miliard
McmsolyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes3unului/unu, milionului/milion, miliardului/miliard
Mcmp-lNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Form=letter3doisprezece, doişpe, doi
McfsrlnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no3zece, sută, mie
McfsrlyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes2suta/sută, mia/mie
McfsolnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=no3zeci/zece, sute/sută, mii/mie
McfsolyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes3zecii/zece, sutei/sută, miei/mie
Mcfp-lNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Form=letter3douăsprezece/doisprezece, douăşpe/doişpe, două/doi
Mcfp-lnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Form=letter Definiteness=no3zeci/zece, sute/sută, mii/mie
McfprlnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no2milioane/milion, miliarde/miliard
McfprlyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes5zecile/zece, sutele/sută, milioanele/milion, miliardele/miliard, miile/mie
McfpolyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes5zecilor/zece, sutelor/sută, milioanelor/milion, miliardelor/miliard, miilor/mie
Mo---lNumeral Type=ordinal Form=letter1dintâi
Mo---lnNumeral Type=ordinal Form=letter Definiteness=no1întâi
Mo---lnyNumeral Type=ordinal Form=letter Definiteness=no Clitic=yes1-ntâi/întâi
Mo-s-rNumeral Type=ordinal Number=singular Form=roman42X/zece, xx, XXX/treizeci, xxvi, x
Moms-lNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Form=letter37zecelea/zece, unulea/unu, unsprezecelea/unsprezece, unşpelea/unsprezece, treizecilea/treizeci
Moms-lnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultim, prim, penultim
MomsrlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimul/ultim, primul/prim, penultimul/penultim, întâiul/întâi
MomsrlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâiul/întâi
MomsolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimului/ultim, primului/prim, penultimului/penultim, întâiului/întâi
MomsolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâiului/întâi
Momp-lnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultimi/ultim, primi/prim, penultimi/penultim
MomprlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimii/ultim, primii/prim, penultimii/penultim, întâii/întâi
MomprlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâii/întâi
MompolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimilor/ultim, primilor/prim, penultimilor/penultim, întâilor/întâi
MompolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâilor/întâi
Mofs-lNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Form=letter37zecea/zece, unsprezecea/unsprezece, unşpea/unsprezece, treizecea/treizeci, treisprezecea/treisprezece
MofsrlnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultimă/ultim, primă/prim, penultimă/penultim
MofsrlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes5ultima/ultim, prima/prim, penultima/penultim, întâiaşi/întâi, întâia/întâi
MofsrlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes2-ntâiaşi/întâi, -ntâia/întâi
MofsolnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultime/ultim, prime/prim, penultime/penultim
MofsolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimei/ultim, primei/prim, penultimei/penultim, întâii/întâi
MofsolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâii/întâi
Mofp-lnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultime/ultim, prime/prim, penultime/penultim
MofprlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimele/ultim, primele/prim, penultimele/penultim, întâile/întâi
MofprlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâile/întâi
MofpolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimelor/ultim, primelor/prim, penultimelor/penultim, întâilor/întâi
MofpolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâilor/întâi
MffsrlnNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no22zecime, unsprezecime, treisprezecime, treime, sutime
MffsrlyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimea/zecime, unsprezecimea/unsprezecime, treisprezecimea/treisprezecime, treimea/treime, sutimea/sutime
MffsolnNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=no22zecimi/zecime, unsprezecimi/unsprezecime, treisprezecimi/treisprezecime, treimi/treime, sutimi/sutime
MffsolyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimii/zecime, unsprezecimii/unsprezecime, treisprezecimii/treisprezecime, treimii/treime, sutimii/sutime
MffprlnNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no22zecimi/zecime, unsprezecimi/unsprezecime, treisprezecimi/treisprezecime, treimi/treime, sutimi/sutime
MffprlyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimile/zecime, unsprezecimile/unsprezecime, treisprezecimile/treisprezecime, treimile/treime, sutimile/sutime
MffpolyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimilor/zecime, unsprezecimilor/unsprezecime, treisprezecimilor/treisprezecime, treimilor/treime, sutimilor/sutime
Mmmsr-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no9înzecit, întreit, însutit, înşesit, înşeptit
Mmmsr-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecit/înzecit, -ntreit/întreit, -nsutit/însutit, -nşesit/înşesit, -nşeptit/înşeptit
Mmmsr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzecitul/înzecit, întreitul/întreit, însutitul/însutit, înşesitul/înşesit, înşeptitul/înşeptit
Mmmsr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitul/înzecit, -ntreitul/întreit, -nsutitul/însutit, -nşesitul/înşesit, -nşeptitul/înşeptit
Mmmso-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzecitului/înzecit, întreitului/întreit, însutitului/însutit, înşesitului/înşesit, înşeptitului/înşeptit
Mmmso-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitului/înzecit, -ntreitului/întreit, -nsutitului/însutit, -nşesitului/înşesit, -nşeptitului/înşeptit
Mmmpr-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=no9înzeciţi/înzecit, întreiţi/întreit, însutiţi/însutit, înşesiţi/înşesit, înşeptiţi/înşeptit
Mmmpr-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzeciţi/înzecit, -ntreiţi/întreit, -nsutiţi/însutit, -nşesiţi/înşesit, -nşeptiţi/înşeptit
Mmmpr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzeciţii/înzecit, întreiţii/întreit, însutiţii/însutit, înşesiţii/înşesit, înşeptiţii/înşeptit
Mmmpr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzeciţii/înzecit, -ntreiţii/întreit, -nsutiţii/însutit, -nşesiţii/înşesit, -nşeptiţii/înşeptit
Mmmpo-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzeciţilor/înzecit, întreiţilor/întreit, însutiţilor/însutit, înşesiţilor/înşesit, înşeptiţilor/înşeptit
Mmmpo-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzeciţilor/înzecit, -ntreiţilor/întreit, -nsutiţilor/însutit, -nşesiţilor/înşesit, -nşeptiţilor/înşeptit
Mmfsr-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no9înzecită/înzecit, întreită/întreit, însutită/însutit, înşesită/înşesit, înşeptită/înşeptit
Mmfsr-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecită/înzecit, -ntreită/întreit, -nsutită/însutit, -nşesită/înşesit, -nşeptită/înşeptit
Mmfsr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzecita/înzecit, întreita/întreit, însutita/însutit, înşesita/înşesit, înşeptita/înşeptit
Mmfsr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecita/înzecit, -ntreita/întreit, -nsutita/însutit, -nşesita/înşesit, -nşeptita/înşeptit
Mmfso-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no9înzecite/înzecit, întreite/întreit, însutite/însutit, înşesite/înşesit, înşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfso-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecite/înzecit, -ntreite/întreit, -nsutite/însutit, -nşesite/înşesit, -nşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfso-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzecitei/înzecit, întreitei/întreit, însutitei/însutit, înşesitei/înşesit, înşeptitei/înşeptit
Mmfso-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitei/înzecit, -ntreitei/întreit, -nsutitei/însutit, -nşesitei/înşesit, -nşeptitei/înşeptit
Mmfp--nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no9înzecite/înzecit, întreite/întreit, însutite/însutit, înşesite/înşesit, înşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfp--nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecite/înzecit, -ntreite/întreit, -nsutite/însutit, -nşesite/înşesit, -nşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfpr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzecitele/înzecit, întreitele/întreit, însutitele/însutit, înşesitele/înşesit, înşeptitele/înşeptit
Mmfpr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitele/înzecit, -ntreitele/întreit, -nsutitele/însutit, -nşesitele/înşesit, -nşeptitele/înşeptit
Mmfpo-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzecitelor/înzecit, întreitelor/întreit, însutitelor/însutit, înşesitelor/înşesit, înşeptitelor/înşeptit
Mmfpo-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitelor/înzecit, -ntreitelor/întreit, -nsutitelor/însutit, -nşesitelor/înşesit, -nşeptitelor/înşeptit
Ml-prNumeral Type=collect Number=plural Case=direct2tuspatru, câteşipatru
Ml-poNumeral Type=collect Number=plural Case=oblique2amânduror/amândoi, amândurora/amândoi
MlmprNumeral Type=collect Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct4tustrei, câteşitrei, ambii, amândoi
MlmpoNumeral Type=collect Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique1ambilor/ambii
MlfprNumeral Type=collect Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct4tustrele, câteşitrele, ambele/ambii, amândouă/amândoi
MlfpoNumeral Type=collect Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique1ambelor/ambii

3.2.12. Romanian Particle

Specification for Romanian Particle
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYParticleQ
1Typenegativez
infinitiven
subjunctives
aspecta
futuref
3Cliticnon
yesy
3.2.12.1. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (6)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
QzParticle Type=negative1nu
Qz-yParticle Type=negative Clitic=yes1n-/nu
QnParticle Type=infinitive1a
Qn-yParticle Type=infinitive Clitic=yes1-a/a
QsParticle Type=subjunctive2s-/să, să
QfParticle Type=future2o, -o

3.2.13. Romanian Interjection

Specification for Romanian Interjection
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYInterjectionI
3.2.13.1. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (1)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
IInterjection207ziua-bună, zdup, zbughi, zău, zapa-zapa

3.2.14. Romanian Abbreviation

Specification for Romanian Abbreviation
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYAbbreviationY
1Syntactic_Typenominaln
verbalv
adjectivala
adverbialr
pronominalp
2Gendermasculinem
femininef
neutern
3Numbersingulars
pluralp
4Casedirectr
obliqueo
vocativev
5Definitenessyesy
non
3.2.14.1. Notes
  • Syntactic_Type: useful for specifying the grammatical category of an abbreviation. Although the values for this attribute could range over the part of speech categories in the language, in Romanian most of the abbreviations falls into noun class.
3.2.14.2. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (20)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
YAbbreviation120v.v./vice_versa, u.s./ut_supra, URSS, urm./următoarele, UMF
YnAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal688Z./zero, zool./zoologie, Zn/zinc, Z./impedanţă, Xe/xenon
YnmsryAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes6dnul/domnul, dl/domnul, dl./domnul, d./domnul, b-dul/bulevardul
YnmsoyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes2dlui/domnului, d-lui/domnului
YnmsvyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1d-le/domnule
YnmpryAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes3d-ra/domnişoara, dnii/domnii, d-nii/domnii
YnmpoyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1dlor/domnilor
YnmpvyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1d-lor/domnilor
YnfsryAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes3dra/domnişoara, dna/doamna, d-na/doamna
YnfsoyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes3drei/domnişoarei, dnei/doamnei, d-nei/doamnei
YnfpvyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1d-lor/doamnelor
YvAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=verbal6v./vide, vid./vide, ob./obiit, div./divide, cit./citeşte
YaAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=adjectival26v./vechi, tranz./tranzitiv, refl./reflexiv, recipr./reciproc, m./masculin
YrAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=adverbial18vs./versus, ş.a.m.d./şi_aşa_mai_departe, ptr./pentru, pt./pentru, i.q./idem_quod
YpAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal2dvs./dumneavoastră, dv./dumneavoastră
Yp-srAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Number=singular Case=direct2d-ta/dumneata, d-sa/dumneasa
Yp-soAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Number=singular Case=oblique2d-tale/dumitale, d-sale/dumisale
Yp-pAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Number=plural2d-voastră/dumneavoastră, d-lor/dumnealor
YpmsAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Gender=masculine Number=singular1d-lui/dumnealui
YpfsAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Gender=feminine Number=singular1d-ei/dumneaei

3.2.15. Romanian Residual

Specification for Romanian Residual
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYResidualX
3.2.15.1. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (1)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
XResidual103Z_2056, xxxxx, vice-, vest-, unu-zero-unu

3.2.16. Romanian Punctuation

Specification for Romanian Punctuation
PAttribute (en)Value (en)Code (en)
0CATEGORYPunctuationZ
3.2.16.1. MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSDs (1)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
ZPunctuation10), (, ", ., ..

3.2.17. Romanian Attribute Index

In this section all the attributes presented in the tables are listed in alphabetical order.

3.2.17.1. Table of attributes
Attribute (en)Category (en)Position
CaseAbbreviation4
CaseAdjective5
CaseAdposition3
CaseArticle4
CaseDeterminer5
CaseNoun4
CaseNumeral4
CasePronoun5
CliticAdjective7
CliticAdposition4
CliticAdverb3
CliticArticle5
CliticConjunction5
CliticDeterminer8
CliticNoun6
CliticNumeral7
CliticParticle3
CliticPronoun8
CliticVerb10
Coord_TypeConjunction3
DefinitenessAbbreviation5
DefinitenessAdjective6
DefinitenessNoun5
DefinitenessNumeral6
DegreeAdjective2
DegreeAdverb2
FormNumeral5
FormationAdposition2
FormationConjunction2
GenderAbbreviation2
GenderAdjective3
GenderArticle2
GenderDeterminer3
GenderNoun2
GenderNumeral2
GenderPronoun3
GenderVerb6
Modific_TypeDeterminer9
NumberAbbreviation3
NumberAdjective4
NumberArticle3
NumberDeterminer4
NumberNoun3
NumberNumeral3
NumberPronoun4
NumberVerb5
Owner_NumberDeterminer6
Owner_NumberPronoun6
PersonDeterminer2
PersonPronoun2
PersonVerb4
Pronoun_FormPronoun14
Sub_TypeConjunction4
Syntactic_TypeAbbreviation1
TenseVerb3
TypeAdjective1
TypeAdposition1
TypeAdverb1
TypeArticle1
TypeConjunction1
TypeDeterminer1
TypeNoun1
TypeNumeral1
TypeParticle1
TypePronoun1
TypeVerb1
VFormVerb2

3.2.18. Romanian Value Index

The values presented within the tables are, in the following, listed in alphabetical order; the first column gives the name of the value, the second column its code and the third lists attributes for which the value is appropriate.

3.2.18.1. Table of values
Value (en)Code (en)Attribute (en)Category (en)
accusativeaCaseAdposition
accusativeaCasePronoun
adjectivalaSyntactic_TypeAbbreviation
adverbialrSyntactic_TypeAbbreviation
aspectaTypeParticle
auxiliaryaTypeVerb
bothbFormNumeral
cardinalcTypeNumeral
collectlTypeNumeral
commoncTypeNoun
comparativecDegreeAdjective
comparativecDegreeAdverb
compoundcFormationAdposition
compoundcFormationConjunction
coordinatingcTypeConjunction
copulacTypeVerb
correlatcCoord_TypeConjunction
dativedCaseAdposition
dativedCasePronoun
definitefTypeArticle
demonstrativedTypeArticle
demonstrativedTypeDeterminer
demonstrativedTypePronoun
digitdFormNumeral
directrCaseAbbreviation
directrCaseAdjective
directrCaseArticle
directrCaseDeterminer
directrCaseNoun
directrCaseNumeral
directrCasePronoun
emphatichTypeDeterminer
femininefGenderAbbreviation
femininefGenderAdjective
femininefGenderArticle
femininefGenderDeterminer
femininefGenderNoun
femininefGenderNumeral
femininefGenderPronoun
femininefGenderVerb
first1PersonDeterminer
first1PersonPronoun
first1PersonVerb
fractalfTypeNumeral
futurefTypeParticle
generalgTypeAdverb
genitivegCaseAdposition
genitivegCasePronoun
gerundgVFormVerb
imperativemVFormVerb
imperfectiTenseVerb
indefiniteiTypeArticle
indefiniteiTypeDeterminer
indefiniteiTypePronoun
indicativeiVFormVerb
infinitivenTypeParticle
infinitivenVFormVerb
int-relwTypeAdverb
int-relwTypeDeterminer
int-relwTypePronoun
letterlFormNumeral
mainmTypeVerb
masculinemGenderAbbreviation
masculinemGenderAdjective
masculinemGenderArticle
masculinemGenderDeterminer
masculinemGenderNoun
masculinemGenderNumeral
masculinemGenderPronoun
masculinemGenderVerb
modaloTypeVerb
modifiermTypeAdverb
multiplemTypeNumeral
negativezSub_TypeConjunction
negativezTypeAdverb
negativezTypeDeterminer
negativezTypeParticle
negativezTypePronoun
neuternGenderAbbreviation
neuternGenderAdjective
neuternGenderArticle
neuternGenderDeterminer
neuternGenderNoun
neuternGenderNumeral
neuternGenderPronoun
neuternGenderVerb
nonCliticAdjective
nonCliticAdposition
nonCliticAdverb
nonCliticArticle
nonCliticConjunction
nonCliticDeterminer
nonCliticNoun
nonCliticNumeral
nonCliticParticle
nonCliticPronoun
nonCliticVerb
nonDefinitenessAbbreviation
nonDefinitenessAdjective
nonDefinitenessNoun
nonDefinitenessNumeral
nominalnSyntactic_TypeAbbreviation
nominativenCasePronoun
obliqueoCaseAbbreviation
obliqueoCaseAdjective
obliqueoCaseArticle
obliqueoCaseDeterminer
obliqueoCaseNoun
obliqueoCaseNumeral
obliqueoCasePronoun
ordinaloTypeNumeral
participlepVFormVerb
particlepTypeAdverb
pastsTenseVerb
personalpTypePronoun
pluperfectlTenseVerb
pluralpNumberAbbreviation
pluralpNumberAdjective
pluralpNumberArticle
pluralpNumberDeterminer
pluralpNumberNoun
pluralpNumberNumeral
pluralpNumberPronoun
pluralpNumberVerb
pluralpOwner_NumberDeterminer
pluralpOwner_NumberPronoun
portmanteaucTypeAdverb
portmanteaurTypeConjunction
positivepDegreeAdjective
positivepDegreeAdverb
positivepSub_TypeConjunction
possessivesTypeArticle
possessivesTypeDeterminer
possessivesTypePronoun
postnominoModific_TypeDeterminer
prenomineModific_TypeDeterminer
prepositionpTypeAdposition
presentpTenseVerb
pronominalpSyntactic_TypeAbbreviation
properpTypeNoun
qualificativefTypeAdjective
reflexivexTypePronoun
repetitrCoord_TypeConjunction
romanrFormNumeral
second2PersonDeterminer
second2PersonPronoun
second2PersonVerb
simplesCoord_TypeConjunction
simplesFormationAdposition
simplesFormationConjunction
singularsNumberAbbreviation
singularsNumberAdjective
singularsNumberArticle
singularsNumberDeterminer
singularsNumberNoun
singularsNumberNumeral
singularsNumberPronoun
singularsNumberVerb
singularsOwner_NumberDeterminer
singularsOwner_NumberPronoun
strongsPronoun_FormPronoun
subjunctivesTypeParticle
subjunctivesVFormVerb
subordinatingsTypeConjunction
superlativesDegreeAdjective
superlativesDegreeAdverb
third3PersonDeterminer
third3PersonPronoun
third3PersonVerb
verbalvSyntactic_TypeAbbreviation
vocativevCaseAbbreviation
vocativevCaseAdjective
vocativevCaseNoun
vocativevCasePronoun
weakwPronoun_FormPronoun
yesyCliticAdjective
yesyCliticAdposition
yesyCliticAdverb
yesyCliticArticle
yesyCliticConjunction
yesyCliticDeterminer
yesyCliticNoun
yesyCliticNumeral
yesyCliticParticle
yesyCliticPronoun
yesyCliticVerb
yesyDefinitenessAbbreviation
yesyDefinitenessAdjective
yesyDefinitenessNoun
yesyDefinitenessNumeral

3.2.19. Romanian MSD Index

This index gives the list of morphosyntactic descriptions (MSDs) and their features. In the table below, the first column gives the MSD, the second its expansion into a feature-structure, the third gives the number of entries in the lexicon (428,093 entries), and the fourth gives some examples as word-form/lemma. The list was extracted form the Romanian MULTEXT-East lexicon.

MSD Index (617)
MSDFeaturesTypesExamples
Nc---nNoun Type=common Definiteness=no38zgârie-nori, zgârie-brânză, vântură-ţară, vântură-lume, una_cu_pământul
Nc-s-nyNoun Type=common Number=singular Definiteness=no Clitic=yes4fii-/fiu, fii-/fiică, bunică-/bunic, bunică-/bunică
Ncm--nNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Definiteness=no43zgripţoroi, tremurici, trăgaci, tei, tălmaci
Ncms-nNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no8183zvon, zvonit, zvârlit, zvârcolit, zvântat
Ncms-nyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no Clitic=yes45tim'/timp, sem'/semn, -nvins/învins, -nvingător/învingător, -nveliş/înveliş
NcmsvnNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no11urcior/ulcior, tovarăşe/tovarăş, sindicalist, prietene/prieten, locotenente/locotenent
NcmsvnyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no Clitic=yes1-mpărate/împărat
NcmsvyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes2124zvonule/zvon, zvonitule/zvonit, zvârcolitule/zvârcolit, zvâcnitule/zvâcnit, zumzetule/zumzet
NcmsryNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes7943zvonul/zvon, zvonitul/zvonit, zvârlitul/zvârlit, zvârcolitul/zvârcolit, zvântatul/zvântat
NcmsryyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes77visu'/vis, următoru'/următorul, trotuaru'/trotuar, tipu'/tip, tipu-/tip
NcmsoyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes7852zvonului/zvon, zvonitului/zvonit, zvârlitului/zvârlit, zvârcolitului/zvârcolit, zvântatului/zvântat
NcmsoyyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes40-nvinsului/învins, -nvingătorului/învingător, -nvelişului/înveliş, -nvăţatului/învăţat, -nvăţătorului/învăţător
Ncmp-nNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no3440zulufi/zuluf, zugravi/zugrav, zori, zootehnicieni/zootehnician, zoologi/zoolog
Ncmp-nyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes20-nvinşi/învins, -nvingători/învingător, -nvăţători/învăţător, -nvăţaţi/învăţat, -ntregi/întreg
NcmpvyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes8nenorociţilor/nenorocit, nefericiţilor/nefericit, mânuitorilor/mânuitor, lichidaţilor/lichidat, huhurezilor/huhurez
NcmpryNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes3401zulufii/zuluf, zugravii/zugrav, zorii/zori, zootehnicienii/zootehnician, zoologii/zoolog
NcmpryyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes20-nvinşii/învins, -nvingătorii/învingător, -nvăţătorii/învăţător, -nvăţaţii/învăţat, -ntregii/întreg
NcmpoyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes3404zulufilor/zuluf, zugravilor/zugrav, zootehnicienilor/zootehnician, zoologilor/zoolog, zooliţilor/zoolit
NcmpoyyNoun Type=common Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes20-nvinşilor/învins, -nvingătorilor/învingător, -nvăţătorilor/învăţător, -nvăţaţilor/învăţat, -ntregilor/întreg
Ncf--nNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Definiteness=no320ziditoare, zeie, zeflemitoare, zdrobitoare, zburătoare
Ncf--nyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Definiteness=no Clitic=yes3-nvăţătoare/învăţătoare, -nsoţitoare/însoţitoare, -ngrijitoare/îngrijitoare
Ncfs-nNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Definiteness=no3soia, sete, foame
NcfsvyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes3376zvonireo/zvonire, zvârcolireo/zvârcolire, zvâcnireo/zvâcnire, zuruireo/zuruire, zornăireo/zornăire
NcfsrnNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no9843zvonistică, zvonire, zvârlitură, zvârlire, zvârcolire
NcfsrnyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes162-nvrăjbire/învrăjbire, -nvoire/învoire, -nvoială/învoială, -nviere/înviere, -nverşunare/înverşunare
NcfsryNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes10111zvonistica/zvonistică, zvonirea/zvonire, zvârlitura/zvârlitură, zvârlirea/zvârlire, zvârcolirea/zvârcolire
NcfsryyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes164-nvrăjbirea/învrăjbire, -nvoirea/învoire, -nvoiala/învoială, -nvierea/înviere, -nverşunarea/înverşunare
NcfsonNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no9567zvonistici/zvonistică, zvoniri/zvonire, zvârlituri/zvârlitură, zvârliri/zvârlire, zvârcoliri/zvârcolire
NcfsonyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no Clitic=yes160-nvrăjbiri/învrăjbire, -nvoiri/învoire, -nvoieli/învoială, -nvieri/înviere, -nverşunări/înverşunare
NcfsoyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9931zvonisticii/zvonistică, zvonirii/zvonire, zvârliturii/zvârlitură, zvârlirii/zvârlire, zvârcolirii/zvârcolire
NcfsoyyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes163-nvrăjbirii/învrăjbire, -nvoirii/învoire, -nvoielii/învoială, -nvierii/înviere, -nverşunării/înverşunare
Ncfp-nNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no13042zvonuri/zvon, zvoniri/zvonire, zvârlituri/zvârlitură, zvârliri/zvârlire, zvârcoliri/zvârcolire
Ncfp-nyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes171-nvrăjbiri/învrăjbire, -nvoiri/învoire, -nvoieli/învoială, -nvieri/înviere, -nverşunări/înverşunare
NcfpvyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes3ratatelor/ratată, nefericitelor/nefericit, liderelor/lideră
NcfpryNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes13291zvonurile/zvon, zvonirile/zvonire, zvârliturile/zvârlitură, zvârlirile/zvârlire, zvârcolirile/zvârcolire
NcfpryyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes173-nvrăjbirile/învrăjbire, -nvoirile/învoire, -nvoielile/învoială, -nvierile/înviere, -nverşunările/înverşunare
NcfpoyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes12898zvonurilor/zvon, zvonirilor/zvonire, zvârliturilor/zvârlitură, zvârcolirilor/zvârcolire, zvârcolelilor/zvârcoleală
NcfpoyyNoun Type=common Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes173-nvrăjbirilor/învrăjbire, -nvoirilor/învoire, -nvoielilor/învoială, -nvierilor/înviere, -nverşunărilor/înverşunare
NpNoun Type=proper1945Zurich, Zurbaran, Zsigmond, Zorro, Zoocom
NpmsvnNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no7Ştefane/Ştefan, Ioane/Ion, Ioane/Ioan, Iisuse/Iisus, Eugene/Eugen
NpmsvyNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes2Nicule, Nelule/Nelu
NpmsryNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes120Zărneştiul/Zărneşti, Washingtonul/Washington, Topoloveniul/Topoloveni, Tibetul/Tibet, Texasul/Texas
NpmsoyNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes122Zărneştiului/Zărneşti, Washingtonului/Washington, Topoloveniului/Topoloveni, Tibetului/Tibet, Texasului/Texas
Npmp-nNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no2Atrizi/Atrid, Asclepiazi/Asclepiad
NpmpryNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes10Pârteştii/Pârteşti, Iaşii/Iaşi, Filipeştii/Filipeşti, Cotrocenii/Cotroceni, Carpaţii/Carpaţi
NpmpoyNoun Type=proper Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8Pelopizilor/Pelopid, Iaşilor/Iaşi, Cotrocenilor/Cotroceni, Carpaţilor/Carpaţi, Călmăşenilor/Călmăşeni
NpfsvyNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1Mărio/Măria
NpfsrnNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no80Veneţie/Veneţia, Varşovie/Varşovia, Ungarie/Ungaria, Turcie/Turcia, Tunisie/Tunisia
NpfsryNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes6Stelei/Stela, Nouvorba/Nouvorbă, Hydrei/Hydra, Hydra, Dunărea/Dunăre
NpfsonNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no77Turcii/Turcia, Tunisii/Tunisia, Tulcii/Tulcea, Transnistrii/Transnistria, Transilvanii/Transilvania
NpfsoyNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes234Vienei/Viena, Victoriei/Victoria, Veneţiei/Veneţia, Vasilicăi/Vasilica, Varşoviei/Varşovia
Npfp-nNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no4Românii/România, Mării/Măria, Madone/Madona, Dionisii/Dionisie
NpfpryNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes5Paştile/Paşte, Moirele/Moiră, Măriile/Măria, Madonele/Madona, Didaskaliile/Didaskalie
NpfpoyNoun Type=proper Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8Statelor_Unite/Statele_Unite, Statelor_Unite_ale_Americii/Statele_Unite_ale_Americii, Paştilor/Paşte, Măriilor/Măria, Madonelor/Madona
Vmip1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=singular4265zvonesc/zvoni, zvârl/zvârli, zvârcolesc/zvârcoli, zvânt/zvânta, zvâcnesc/zvâcni
Vmip1s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes474sim'/simţi, -s/fi, rogu/ruga, po'/putea, -nzorzonez/înzorzona
Vmip1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=plural4244zvonim/zvoni, zvârlim/zvârli, zvârcolim/zvârcoli, zvântăm/zvânta, zvâcnim/zvâcni
Vmip1p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=first Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonăm/înzorzona, -nzidim/înzidi, -nzestrăm/înzestra, -nzecim/înzeci, -nzdrăvenim/înzdrăveni
Vmip2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=singular4270zvoneşti/zvoni, zvârli, zvârcoleşti/zvârcoli, zvânţi/zvânta, zvâcneşti/zvâcni
Vmip2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes470po'/putea, -nzorzonezi/înzorzona, -nzideşti/înzidi, -nzestrezi/înzestra, -nzeceşti/înzeci
Vmip2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=plural4250zvoniţi/zvoni, zvârliţi/zvârli, zvârcoliţi/zvârcoli, zvântaţi/zvânta, zvâcniţi/zvâcni
Vmip2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonaţi/înzorzona, -nzidiţi/înzidi, -nzestraţi/înzestra, -nzeciţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniţi/înzdrăveni
Vmip3Verb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third2681zvârlă/zvârli, zvântă/zvânta, zumzăie/zumzăi, zornăiză/zornăi, zguduie/zgudui
Vmip3-----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Clitic=yes266sfâşi-/sfâşia, -nzorzonează/înzorzona, -nzestrează/înzestra, -nvolburează/învolbura, -nviorează/înviora
Vmip3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=singular1646zvoneşte/zvoni, zvârle/zvârli, zvârcoleşte/zvârcoli, zvâcneşte/zvâcni, zuruieşte/zurui
Vmip3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes216tre'/trebui, -nzideşte/înzidi, -nzeceşte/înzeci, -nzdrăveneşte/înzdrăveni, -nzăpezeşte/înzăpezi
Vmip3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=plural1616zvonesc/zvoni, zvârl/zvârli, zvârcolesc/zvârcoli, zvâcnesc/zvâcni, zuruiesc/zurui
Vmip3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=present Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes197zi'/zice, -s/fi, -nzidesc/înzidi, -nzecesc/înzeci, -nzdrăvenesc/înzdrăveni
Vmii1Verb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first4247zvoneam/zvoni, zvârleam/zvârli, zvârcoleam/zvârcoli, zvântam/zvânta, zvâcneam/zvâcni
Vmii1-----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first Clitic=yes463-nzorzonam/înzorzona, -nzideam/înzidi, -nzestram/înzestra, -nzeceam/înzeci, -nzdrăveneam/înzdrăveni
Vmii1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first Number=singular1torceam/toarce
Vmii1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=first Number=plural1torceam/toarce
Vmii2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=singular4244zvoneai/zvoni, zvârleai/zvârli, zvârcoleai/zvârcoli, zvântai/zvânta, zvâcneai/zvâcni
Vmii2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes463-nzorzonai/înzorzona, -nzideai/înzidi, -nzestrai/înzestra, -nzeceai/înzeci, -nzdrăveneai/înzdrăveni
Vmii2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=plural4244zvoneaţi/zvoni, zvârleaţi/zvârli, zvârcoleaţi/zvârcoli, zvântaţi/zvânta, zvâcneaţi/zvâcni
Vmii2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonaţi/înzorzona, -nzideaţi/înzidi, -nzestraţi/înzestra, -nzeceaţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveneaţi/înzdrăveni
Vmii3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=singular4281zvonea/zvoni, zvârlea/zvârli, zvârcolea/zvârcoli, zvânta, zvâcnea/zvâcni
Vmii3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes473-nzorzona/înzorzona, -nzidea/înzidi, -nzestra/înzestra, -nzecea/înzeci, -nzdrăvenea/înzdrăveni
Vmii3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=plural4266zvoneau/zvoni, zvârleau/zvârli, zvârcoleau/zvârcoli, zvântau/zvânta, zvâcneau/zvâcni
Vmii3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=imperfect Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonau/înzorzona, -nzideau/înzidi, -nzestrau/înzestra, -nzeceau/înzeci, -nzdrăveneau/înzdrăveni
Vmis1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=singular4235zvonii/zvoni, zvârlii/zvârli, zvârcolii/zvârcoli, zvântai/zvânta, zvâcnii/zvâcni
Vmis1s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonai/înzorzona, -nzidii/înzidi, -nzestrai/înzestra, -nzecii/înzeci, -nzdrăvenii/înzdrăveni
Vmis1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=plural4393zvonirăm/zvoni, zvârliserăm/zvârli, zvârlirăm/zvârli, zvârcolirăm/zvârcoli, zvântaserăm/zvânta
Vmis1p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=first Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonarăm/înzorzona, -nzidirăm/înzidi, -nzestrarăm/înzestra, -nzecirăm/înzeci, -nzdrăvenirăm/înzdrăveni
Vmis2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=singular4240zvonişi/zvoni, zvârlişi/zvârli, zvârcolişi/zvârcoli, zvântaşi/zvânta, zvâcnişi/zvâcni
Vmis2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaşi/înzorzona, -nzidişi/înzidi, -nzestraşi/înzestra, -nzecişi/înzeci, -nzdrăvenişi/înzdrăveni
Vmis2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=plural4393zvonirăţi/zvoni, zvârliserăţi/zvârli, zvârlirăţi/zvârli, zvârcolirăţi/zvârcoli, zvântaserăţi/zvânta
Vmis2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonarăţi/înzorzona, -nzidirăţi/înzidi, -nzestrarăţi/înzestra, -nzecirăţi/înzeci, -nzdrăvenirăţi/înzdrăveni
Vmis3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=singular4267zvoni, zvârli, zvârcoli, zvântă/zvânta, zvâcni
Vmis3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes470-nzorzonă/înzorzona, -nzidi/înzidi, -nzestră/înzestra, -nzeci/înzeci, -nzdrăveni/înzdrăveni
Vmis3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=plural4412zvoniră/zvoni, zvârliseră/zvârli, zvârliră/zvârli, zvârcoliră/zvârcoli, zvântaseră/zvânta
Vmis3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=past Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonară/înzorzona, -nzidiră/înzidi, -nzestrară/înzestra, -nzeciră/înzeci, -nzdrăveniră/înzdrăveni
Vmil1sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=singular3800zvonisem/zvoni, zvârcolisem/zvârcoli, zvâcnisem/zvâcni, zuruisem/zurui, zumzăisem/zumzăi
Vmil1s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonasem/înzorzona, -nzidisem/înzidi, -nzestrasem/înzestra, -nzecisem/înzeci, -nzdrăvenisem/înzdrăveni
Vmil1pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=plural4533zvoniserăm/zvoni, zvârlisem/zvârli, zvârcoliserăm/zvârcoli, zvântasem/zvânta, zvâcniserăm/zvâcni
Vmil1p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=first Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaserăm/înzorzona, -nzidiserăm/înzidi, -nzestraserăm/înzestra, -nzeciserăm/înzeci, -nzdrăveniserăm/înzdrăveni
Vmil2sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=singular4240zvoniseşi/zvoni, zvârliseşi/zvârli, zvârcoliseşi/zvârcoli, zvântaseşi/zvânta, zvâcniseşi/zvâcni
Vmil2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaseşi/înzorzona, -nzidiseşi/înzidi, -nzestraseşi/înzestra, -nzeciseşi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniseşi/înzdrăveni
Vmil2pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=plural4085zvoniserăţi/zvoni, zvârcoliserăţi/zvârcoli, zvâcniserăţi/zvâcni, zuruiserăţi/zurui, zumzăiserăţi/zumzăi
Vmil2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaserăţi/înzorzona, -nzidiserăţi/înzidi, -nzestraserăţi/înzestra, -nzeciserăţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniserăţi/înzdrăveni
Vmil3sVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=singular4269zvonise/zvoni, zvârlise/zvârli, zvârcolise/zvârcoli, zvântase/zvânta, zvâcnise/zvâcni
Vmil3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes470-nzorzonase/înzorzona, -nzidise/înzidi, -nzestrase/înzestra, -nzecise/înzeci, -nzdrăvenise/înzdrăveni
Vmil3pVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=plural4105zvoniseră/zvoni, zvârcoliseră/zvârcoli, zvâcniseră/zvâcni, zuruiseră/zurui, zumzăiseră/zumzăi
Vmil3p----yVerb Type=main VForm=indicative Tense=pluperfect Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes462-nzorzonaseră/înzorzona, -nzidiseră/înzidi, -nzestraseră/înzestra, -nzeciseră/înzeci, -nzdrăveniseră/înzdrăveni
Vmsp1sVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=first Number=singular1fiu/fi
Vmsp1pVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=first Number=plural1fim/fi
Vmsp2sVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=second Number=singular1fii/fi
Vmsp2pVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=second Number=plural1fiţi/fi
Vmsp3Verb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third4294zvonească/zvoni, zvârle/zvârli, zvârcolească/zvârcoli, zvânte/zvânta, zvâcnească/zvâcni
Vmsp3-----yVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third Clitic=yes468-nzorzoneze/înzorzona, -nzidească/înzidi, -nzestreze/înzestra, -nzecească/înzeci, -nzdrăvenească/înzdrăveni
Vmsp3sVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third Number=singular10plouă/ploua, pese/păsa, ningă/ninge, înviforeze/învifora, întomneze/întomna
Vmsp3s----yVerb Type=main VForm=subjunctive Tense=present Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes7-nviforeze/învifora, -ntomneze/întomna, -nroureze/înroura, -nnoreze/înnora, -nnegureze/înnegura
Vmm-2sVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=singular8309zvoni, zvoneşte/zvoni, zvârli, zvârle/zvârli, zvârcoli
Vmm-2s----yVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes915ţin/ţine, ofer/oferi, -nzorzonează/înzorzona, -nzorzona/înzorzona, -nzidi/înzidi
Vmm-2pVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=plural4246zvoniţi/zvoni, zvârliţi/zvârli, zvârcoliţi/zvârcoli, zvântaţi/zvânta, zvâcniţi/zvâcni
Vmm-2p----yVerb Type=main VForm=imperative Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes463-nzorzonaţi/înzorzona, -nzidiţi/înzidi, -nzestraţi/înzestra, -nzeciţi/înzeci, -nzdrăveniţi/înzdrăveni
VmnpVerb Type=main VForm=infinitive Tense=present4301zvoni, zvârli, zvârcoli, zvânta, zvâcni
Vmnp------yVerb Type=main VForm=infinitive Tense=present Clitic=yes475-nzorzona/înzorzona, -nzidi/înzidi, -nzestra/înzestra, -nzeci/înzeci, -nzdrăveni/înzdrăveni
Vmp--smVerb Type=main VForm=participle Number=singular Gender=masculine4300zvonit/zvoni, zvârlit/zvârli, zvârcolit/zvârcoli, zvântat/zvânta, zvâcnit/zvâcni
Vmp--sm---yVerb Type=main VForm=participle Number=singular Gender=masculine Clitic=yes3398zvonitu/zvoni, zvârlitu/zvârli, zvârcolitu/zvârcoli, zvântatu/zvânta, zvâcnitu/zvâcni
VmgVerb Type=main VForm=gerund12354zvonind/zvoni, zvârlind/zvârli, zvârcolind/zvârcoli, zvântând/zvânta, zvâcnind/zvâcni
Vmg-------yVerb Type=main VForm=gerund Clitic=yes12806zvonindu/zvoni, zvârlindu/zvârli, zvârcolindu/zvârcoli, zvântându/zvânta, zvâcnindu/zvâcni
Va--1Verb Type=auxiliary Person=first1am/avea
Va--1-----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Clitic=yes1-am/avea
Va--1sVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Number=singular3voi/vrea, oi/vrea, aş/avea
Va--1s----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Number=singular Clitic=yes1-aş/avea
Va--1pVerb Type=auxiliary Person=first Number=plural2vom/vrea, -vom/vrea
Va--2sVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=singular5vei/vrea, oi/vrea, îi/vrea, ăi/vrea, ai/avea
Va--2s----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=singular Clitic=yes1-ai/avea
Va--2pVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=plural6veţi/vrea, -veţi/vrea, îţi/vrea, eţi/vrea, ăţi/vrea
Va--2p----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=second Number=plural Clitic=yes1-aţi/avea
Va--3Verb Type=auxiliary Person=third1ar/avea
Va--3-----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Clitic=yes1-ar/avea
Va--3sVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=singular5va/vrea, -va/vrea, o/vrea, a/avea, a-/avea
Va--3s----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=singular Clitic=yes1-a/avea
Va--3pVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=plural4vor/vrea, -vor/vrea, or/vrea, au/avea
Va--3p----yVerb Type=auxiliary Person=third Number=plural Clitic=yes1-au/avea
VanpVerb Type=auxiliary VForm=infinitive Tense=present1fi
AfpAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive93vivace, video, un_pic_de, un_fel_de, turcoaz
Afp-p-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Number=plural Definiteness=no313zglobii/zglobiu, zeieşti/zeiesc, zbanghii/zbanghiu, vultureşti/vulturesc, vulpeşti/vulpesc
Afp-p-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes1-ntregi/întreg
Afp-poyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes15verzuilor/verzui, tinereştilor/tineresc, timpuriilor/timpuriu, subţirilor/subţire, rozaliilor/rozaliu
Afpm--nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Definiteness=no5sugaci, greoi, dibaci, căprui, bălai
Afpms-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no14177zvonit, zvelt, zvârlit, zvârcolit, zvântat
Afpms-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no Clitic=yes132zbura'/zburat, 'yde/Hyde, trecu'/trecut, pomeni'/pomenit, -nzorzonat/înzorzonat
AfpmsvnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no3iubite/iubit, dragă/drag, bătrâne/bătrân
AfpmsvyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1857zvonitule/zvonit, zveltule/zvelt, zvârcolitule/zvârcolit, zvâcnitule/zvâcnit, zootehnicule/zootehnic
AfpmsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes8104zvonitul/zvonit, zveltul/zvelt, zvârlitul/zvârlit, zvârcolitul/zvârcolit, zvântatul/zvântat
AfpmsryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes118vechiu'/vechi, -nzorzonatul/înzorzonat, -nzestratul/înzestrat, -nzăpezitul/înzăpezit, -nvolburatul/învolburat
AfpmsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8099zvonitului/zvonit, zveltului/zvelt, zvârlitului/zvârlit, zvârcolitului/zvârcolit, zvântatului/zvântat
AfpmsoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatului/înzorzonat, -nzestratului/înzestrat, -nzăpezitului/înzăpezit, -nvolburatului/învolburat, -nverzitului/înverzit
Afpmp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no13695zvoniţi/zvonit, zvelţi/zvelt, zvârliţi/zvârlit, zvârcoliţi/zvârcolit, zvântaţi/zvântat
Afpmp-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes512-nzorzonaţi/înzorzonat, -nzidiţi/înzidit, -nzestraţi/înzestrat, -nzeciţi/înzecit, -nzdrăveniţi/înzdrăvenit
AfpmpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes8077zvoniţii/zvonit, zvelţii/zvelt, zvârliţii/zvârlit, zvârcoliţii/zvârcolit, zvântaţii/zvântat
AfpmpryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonaţii/înzorzonat, -nzestraţii/înzestrat, -nzăpeziţii/înzăpezit, -nvolburaţii/învolburat, -nverziţii/înverzit
AfpmpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8048zvoniţilor/zvonit, zvelţilor/zvelt, zvârliţilor/zvârlit, zvârcoliţilor/zvârcolit, zvântaţilor/zvântat
AfpmpoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonaţilor/înzorzonat, -nzestraţilor/înzestrat, -nzăpeziţilor/înzăpezit, -nvolburaţilor/învolburat, -nverziţilor/înverzit
Afpf--nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Definiteness=no593zvâcnitoare/zvâcnitor, zumzăitoare/zumzăitor, ziditoare/ziditor, zguduitoare/zguduitor, zeflemitoare/zeflemitor
Afpf--nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Definiteness=no Clitic=yes31-nvăluitoare/învăluitor, -ntreprinzătoare/întreprinzător, -ntrebătoare/întrebător, -nţepătoare/înţepător, -nţelegătoare/înţelegător
AfpfsvnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=no1dragă/drag
AfpfsvyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1838zvonito/zvonit, zvelto/zvelt, zvârcolito/zvârcolit, zvâcnito/zvâcnit, zuruito/zuruit
AfpfsrnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no13437zvonită/zvonit, zveltă/zvelt, zvârlită/zvârlit, zvârcolită/zvârcolit, zvântată/zvântat
AfpfsrnyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes87-nzorzonată/înzorzonat, -nzestrată/înzestrat, -nzăpezită/înzăpezit, -nvolburată/învolburat, -nverzită/înverzit
AfpfsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes8046zvonita/zvonit, zvelta/zvelt, zvârlita/zvârlit, zvârcolita/zvârcolit, zvântata/zvântat
AfpfsryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonata/înzorzonat, -nzestrata/înzestrat, -nzăpezita/înzăpezit, -nvolburata/învolburat, -nverzita/înverzit
AfpfsonAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no13425zvonite/zvonit, zvelte/zvelt, zvârlite/zvârlit, zvârcolite/zvârcolit, zvântate/zvântat
AfpfsonyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no Clitic=yes86-nzorzonate/înzorzonat, -nzestrate/înzestrat, -nzăpezite/înzăpezit, -nvolburate/învolburat, -nverzite/înverzit
AfpfsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8055zvonitei/zvonit, zveltei/zvelt, zvârlitei/zvârlit, zvârcolitei/zvârcolit, zvântatei/zvântat
AfpfsoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatei/înzorzonat, -nzestratei/înzestrat, -nzăpezitei/înzăpezit, -nvolburatei/învolburat, -nverzitei/înverzit
Afpfp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no13141zvonite/zvonit, zvelte/zvelt, zvârlite/zvârlit, zvârcolite/zvârcolit, zvântate/zvântat
Afpfp-nyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes87-nzorzonate/înzorzonat, -nzestrate/înzestrat, -nzăpezite/înzăpezit, -nvolburate/învolburat, -nverzite/înverzit
AfpfpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes8069zvonitele/zvonit, zveltele/zvelt, zvârlitele/zvârlit, zvârcolitele/zvârcolit, zvântatele/zvântat
AfpfpryyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatele/înzorzonat, -nzestratele/înzestrat, -nzăpezitele/înzăpezit, -nvolburatele/învolburat, -nverzitele/înverzit
AfpfponAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=no2serbede/searbăd, ataror/atare
AfpfpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes8054zvonitelor/zvonit, zveltelor/zvelt, zvârlitelor/zvârlit, zvârcolitelor/zvârcolit, zvântatelor/zvântat
AfpfpoyyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=positive Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes117-nzorzonatelor/înzorzonat, -nzestratelor/înzestrat, -nzăpezitelor/înzăpezit, -nvolburatelor/învolburat, -nverzitelor/înverzit
Afcms-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no1superior
Afcmp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no1superiori/superior
AfcmpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes1superiorii/superior
AfcmpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1superiorilor/superior
AfcfsrnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no1superioară/superior
AfcfsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes1superioara/superior
AfcfsonAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no1superioare/superior
AfcfsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1superioarei/superior
Afcfp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no1superioare/superior
AfcfpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes1superioarele/superior
AfcfpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=comparative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1superioarelor/superior
AfsAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative1extra
Afsms-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Definiteness=no5preaiubit, preafrumos, preafericit, perfect, extrem
AfsmsvyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1preafericitule/preafericit
AfsmsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes4preaiubitul/preaiubit, preafrumosul/preafrumos, preafericitul/preafericit, perfectul/perfect
AfsmsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes4preaiubitului/preaiubit, preafrumosului/preafrumos, preafericitului/preafericit, perfectului/perfect
Afsmp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=plural Definiteness=no5preaiubiţi/preaiubit, preafrumoşi/preafrumos, preafericiţi/preafericit, perfecţi/perfect, extremi/extrem
AfsmpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes5preaiubiţii/preaiubit, preafrumoşii/preafrumos, preafericiţii/preafericit, perfecţii/perfect, extremii/extrem
AfsmpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes5preaiubiţilor/preaiubit, preafrumoşilor/preafrumos, preafericiţilor/preafericit, perfecţilor/perfect, extremilor/extrem
AfsfsrnAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no5preaiubită/preaiubit, preafrumoasă/preafrumos, preafericită/preafericit, perfectă/perfect, extremă/extrem
AfsfsryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes5preaiubita/preaiubit, preafrumoasa/preafrumos, preafericita/preafericit, perfecta/perfect, extrema/extrem
AfsfsonAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no5preaiubite/preaiubit, preafrumoase/preafrumos, preafericite/preafericit, perfecte/perfect, extreme/extrem
AfsfsoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes5preaiubitei/preaiubit, preafrumoasei/preafrumos, preafericitei/preafericit, perfectei/perfect, extremei/extrem
Afsfp-nAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no5preaiubite/preaiubit, preafrumoase/preafrumos, preafericite/preafericit, perfecte/perfect, extreme/extrem
AfsfpryAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes5preaiubitele/preaiubit, preafrumoasele/preafrumos, preafericitele/preafericit, perfectele/perfect, extremele/extrem
AfsfpoyAdjective Type=qualificative Degree=superlative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes5preaiubitelor/preaiubit, preafrumoaselor/preafrumos, preafericitelor/preafericit, perfectelor/perfect, extremelor/extrem
Pp1-sn--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=nominative Pronoun_Form=strong1eu
Pp1-sd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1mie/eu
Pp1-sd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2mi/eu, îmi/eu
Pp1-sd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4-m'/îmi, mi-/eu, -mi/eu, îm'/îmi
Pp1-sa--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=strong1mine/eu
Pp1-sa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1mă/eu
Pp1-sa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4m-/eu, -m/eu, mă-/eu, -mă/eu
Pp1-sr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong1io/eu
Pp1-pd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1nouă/noi
Pp1-pd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2ni/noi, ne/noi
Pp1-pd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4ni-/noi, -ni/noi, ne-/noi, -ne/noi
Pp1-pa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1ne/noi
Pp1-pa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2ne-/noi, -ne/noi
Pp1-pr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=first Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong1noi
Pp2-----------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Pronoun_Form=strong1dumneavoastră
Pp2-s---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Pronoun_Form=strong1matale/mata
Pp2-sn--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=nominative Pronoun_Form=strong1tu
Pp2-sd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1ţie/tu
Pp2-sd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2ţi/tu, îţi/tu
Pp2-sd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak7ţi-/tu, 'ţi/tu, -ţi/tu, ţ'/îţi, -ţ/îţi
Pp2-sa--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=strong1tine/tu
Pp2-sa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1te/tu
Pp2-sa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2te-/tu, -te/tu
Pp2-sr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2mata, dumneata
Pp2-so--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dumitale/dumneata
Pp2-pd--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong1vouă/voi
Pp2-pd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2vi/voi, vă/voi
Pp2-pd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak6v-/voi, -v/voi, vi-/voi, -vi/voi, vă-/voi
Pp2-pa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1vă/voi
Pp2-pa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4v-/voi, -v/voi, vă-/voi, -vă/voi
Pp2-pr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=second Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong1voi
Pp3-sd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2îi/el, i/el
Pp3-sd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2i-/el, -i/el
Pp3-sr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2dumneasa, domnia_sa
Pp3-so--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dumisale/dumneasa
Pp3-p---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Pronoun_Form=strong1dumnealor/dumnealui
Pp3-pd--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2li/el, le/el
Pp3-pd--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4li-/el, -li/el, le-/el, -le/el
Pp3-po--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1lor/el
Pp3ms---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Pronoun_Form=strong1dumnealui
Pp3msa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1îl/el
Pp3msa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak3l/el, l-/el, -l/el
Pp3msr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong3iel/el, el, dânsul
Pp3msr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1însul
Pp3mso--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1lui/el
Pp3mpa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1îi/el
Pp3mpa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2i-/el, -i/el
Pp3mpr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2ei/el, dânşii/dânsul
Pp3mpr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1înşii/însul
Pp3mpo--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dânşilor/dânsul
Pp3fs---------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Pronoun_Form=strong1dumneaei/dumnealui
Pp3fsa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak2o/el, o-/el
Pp3fsa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak1-o/el
Pp3fsr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong2ea/el, dânsa/dânsul
Pp3fsr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1însa/însul
Pp3fso--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong2ei/el, dânsei/dânsul
Pp3fpa--------wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak1le/el
Pp3fpa--y-----wPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2le-/el, -le/el
Pp3fpr--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Pronoun_Form=strong3iele/ele, ele/el, dânsele/dânsul
Pp3fpr--y-----sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=strong1însele/însul
Pp3fpo--------sPronoun Type=personal Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Pronoun_Form=strong1dânselor/dânsul
Pd3-poPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique6celora/cela, ăstora/ăsta, ălora/ăla, acestora/acesta, aceloraşi/acelaşi
Pd3msrPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct8cestălalt, celălalt, cela, ăsta, ăla
Pd3msr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-ăla/ăla
Pd3msoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique8cestuilalt/cestălalt, celuilalt/celălalt, celuia/cela, ăstuia/ăsta, ăluia/ăla
Pd3mprPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct9ceştilalţi/cestălalt, ceilalţi/celălalt, ceia/cela, ăştia/ăsta, ăi/ăla
Pd3mpr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-ăştia/ăsta, -ăia/ăla
Pd3mpoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalţi/cestălalt, celorlalţi/celălalt
Pd3fsrPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct8ceea/cela, ceastălaltă/cestălalt, cealaltă/celălalt, asta/ăsta, aia/ăla
Pd3fsr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes2ast-/ăsta, ast/asta
Pd3fsoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique8cesteilalte/cestălalt, celeilalte/celălalt, celeia/cela, ăsteia/ăsta, ăleia/ăla
Pd3fprPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct9cestelalte/cestălalt, celelalte/celălalt, cele/cela, celea/cela, astea/ăsta
Pd3fpr--yPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-astea/ăsta, -alea/ăla
Pd3fpoPronoun Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalte/cestălalt, celorlalte/celălalt
Pi3Pronoun Type=indefinite Person=third3oarecare, niscaiva, a_dreaptă
Pi3--rPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Case=direct4oricare, cutare, cine_ştie_cine, cine_ştie_ce
Pi3-srPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct14orişicine, orişice, orişicare, oricine, orice
Pi3-soPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique4orişicui/orişicine, oricui/oricine, cuiva/cineva, altcuiva/altcineva
Pi3-poPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique13vreunora/vreunul, unora/unul, tuturor/tot, tuturora/tot, orişicâtor/orişicât
Pi3msrPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct17vreunul, unul, -unul/unul, totul/tot, tot
Pi3msr--yPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes5unu/unul, unu'/unul, unu-/unul, totu/tot, totu'/tot
Pi3msoPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique9vreunuia/vreunul, unuia/unul, totului/tot, orişicăruia/orişicare, oricăruia/oricare
Pi3mprPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct12vreunii/vreunul, unii/unul, toţi/tot, puţini/puţin, orişicâţi/orişicât
Pi3fsrPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct11vreuna/vreunul, una/unul, toată/tot, puţină/puţin, orişicâtă/orişicât
Pi3fsoPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique7vreuneia/vreunul, uneia/unul, orişicăreia/orişicare, oricăreia/oricare, fiecăreia/fiecare
Pi3fprPronoun Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct14vreunele/vreunul, unele/unul, toate/tot, puţine/puţin, orişicâte/orişicât
Ps1ms-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1meu
Ps1ms-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1nostru
Ps1mp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mei/meu
Ps1mp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noştri/nostru
Ps1fsrsPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1mea/meu
Ps1fsrpPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1noastră/nostru
Ps1fp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mele/meu
Ps1fp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noastre/nostru
Ps2ms-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1tău
Ps2ms-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1vostru
Ps2msrs-yPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-tău/tău
Ps2mp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tăi/tău
Ps2mp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voştri/vostru
Ps2fsrsPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1ta/tău
Ps2fsrpPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1voastră/vostru
Ps2fp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tale/tău
Ps2fp-pPronoun Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voastre/vostru
Ps3ms-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1său
Ps3mp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1săi/său
Ps3fsrsPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1sa/său
Ps3fp-sPronoun Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1sale/său
Px3--d--------sPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=dative Pronoun_Form=strong2sieşi, sie/sieşi
Px3--d--------wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=dative Pronoun_Form=weak2şi/sieşi, îşi/sieşi
Px3--d--y-----wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=dative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak2şi-/sieşi, -şi/sieşi
Px3--a--------sPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=strong2sineşi/sine, sine
Px3--a--------wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=accusative Pronoun_Form=weak2se/sine, să/se
Px3--a--y-----wPronoun Type=reflexive Person=third Case=accusative Clitic=yes Pronoun_Form=weak4s-/sine, -s/sine, se-/sine, -se/sine
Pz3-srPronoun Type=negative Person=third Number=singular Case=direct4nimic, nimica, nimeni, nimenea
Pz3-soPronoun Type=negative Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique2nimănui/nimeni, nimănuia/nimeni
Pz3-poPronoun Type=negative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique1nici_unora/nici_unul
Pz3msrPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct1nici_unul
Pz3msoPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique1nici_unuia/nici_unul
Pz3mprPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1nici_unii/nici_unul
Pz3fsrPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1nici_una/nici_unul
Pz3fsoPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1nici_uneia/nici_unul
Pz3fprPronoun Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1nici_unele/nici_unul
Pw3--rPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Case=direct6de, dă/de, cine, ceea_ce, ce
Pw3-soPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Number=singular Case=oblique1cui/cine
Pw3-poPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique3câtor/cât, căror/care, cărora/care
Pw3msrPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2câtelea, cât
Pw3msoPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique2cărui/care, căruia/care
Pw3mprPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1câţi/cât
Pw3fsrPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2câtă/cât, câta/câtelea
Pw3fsoPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique2cărei/care, căreia/care
Pw3fprPronoun Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1câte/cât
Dd3-po---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin5ăstor/ăst, ălor/ăl, acestor/acest, aceloraşi/acelaşi, acelor/acel
Dd3-po---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=postnomin5celora/cela, ăstora/ăsta, ălora/ăla, acestora/acesta, acelora/acela
Dd3msrDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2cestălalt, celălalt
Dd3msr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin5ăst, ăl, acest, acelaşi, acel
Dd3msr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5cela, ăsta, ăla, acesta, acela
Dd3msr--yoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=postnomin1-ăla/ăla
Dd3msoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique2cestuilalt/cestălalt, celuilalt/celălalt
Dd3mso---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin5ăstui/ăst, ălui/ăl, acestui/acest, aceluiaşi/acelaşi, acelui/acel
Dd3mso---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=postnomin5celuia/cela, ăstuia/ăsta, ăluia/ăla, acestuia/acesta, aceluia/acela
Dd3mprDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct2ceştilalţi/cestălalt, ceilalţi/celălalt
Dd3mpr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin5ăşti/ăst, ăi/ăl, aceşti/acest, aceiaşi/acelaşi, acei/acel
Dd3mpr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5ceia/cela, ăştia/ăsta, ăia/ăla, aceştia/acesta, aceia/acela
Dd3mpr--yoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=postnomin1-ăia/ăla
Dd3mpoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalţi/cestălalt, celorlalţi/celălalt
Dd3fsrDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2ceastălaltă/cestălalt, cealaltă/celălalt
Dd3fsr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin4astă/ăst, aceeaşi/acelaşi, această/acest, acea/acel
Dd3fsr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5ceea/cela, asta/ăsta, aia/ăla, aceea/acela, aceasta/acesta
Dd3fsr--yeDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=prenomin2-această/acest, -acea/acel
Dd3fsr--yoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes Modific_Type=postnomin1-aceasta/acesta
Dd3fsoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique2cesteilalte/cestălalt, celeilalte/celălalt
Dd3fso---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin5ăstei/ăst, ălei/ăl, acestei/acest, aceleiaşi/acelaşi, acelei/acel
Dd3fso---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=postnomin5celeia/cela, ăsteia/ăsta, ăleia/ăla, acesteia/acesta, aceleia/acela
Dd3fprDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct2cestelalte/cestălalt, celelalte/celălalt
Dd3fpr---eDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin4aste/ăst, aceste/acest, aceleaşi/acelaşi, acele/acel
Dd3fpr---oDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=postnomin5celea/cela, astea/ăsta, alea/ăla, acestea/acesta, acelea/acela
Dd3fpr--yDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-astea/ăsta, -alea/ăla
Dd3fpoDeterminer Type=demonstrative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique2cestorlalte/cestălalt, celorlalte/celălalt
Di3Determiner Type=indefinite Person=third3oarece, oarecare, nişte
Di3------eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Modific_Type=prenomin2niscaiva, niscai
Di3-----yDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Clitic=yes1to'/tot
Di3--rDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Case=direct1oareşicare
Di3--r---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin4orice, oricare, cutare, cine_ştie_care
Di3-s----eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Modific_Type=prenomin1alde
Di3-srDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct1atâta/atât
Di3-sr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin5orişice, orişicare, fiece, fiecare, ceva
Di3-sr--yDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-atâta/atât
Di3-poDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique3tuturor/tot, câtorva/câtva, atâtor/atât
Di3-po---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin6vreunor/vreun, oricăror/oricare, multor/mult, cutăror/cutare, anumitor/anumit
Di3msDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular2puţin, anumit
Di3msrDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct4tot, mult, câtva, atât
Di3msr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2vreun, alt
Di3msr--yDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-atât/atât
Di3mso---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin7vreunui/vreun, orişicărui/orişicare, oricărui/oricare, fiecărui/fiecare, cutărui/cutare
Di3mpDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural3puţini/puţin, mulţi/mult, anumiţi/anumit
Di3mprDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct5toţi/tot, câţiva/câtva, atâţi/atât, atâţia/atât, -atâţia/atât
Di3mpr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin3vreunii/vreun, unii/un, alţi/alt
Di3fsrDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct5toată/tot, puţină/puţin, multă/mult, câtăva/câtva, anumită/anumit
Di3fsr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2vreo/vreun, altă/alt
Di3fsoDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique3puţine/puţin, multe/mult, anumite/anumit
Di3fso---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin7vreunei/vreun, orişicărei/orişicare, oricărei/oricare, fiecărei/fiecare, cutărei/cutare
Di3fpDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural3puţine/puţin, multe/mult, anumite/anumit
Di3fprDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct3toate/tot, câteva/câtva, atâtea/atât
Di3fpr---eDeterminer Type=indefinite Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin3vreunele/vreun, unele/un, alte/alt
Ds1ms-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1meu
Ds1ms-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1nostru
Ds1msrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes2-miu/meu, -meu/meu
Ds1mp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mei/meu
Ds1mp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noştri/nostru
Ds1fsrsDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1mea/meu
Ds1fsrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-mea/mea
Ds1fsrpDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1noastră/nostru
Ds1fsosDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular1mele/meu
Ds1fsos-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-mii/mea
Ds1fsopDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=plural1noastre/nostru
Ds1fp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1mele/meu
Ds1fp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1noastre/nostru
Ds2ms-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1tău
Ds2ms-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=plural1vostru
Ds2msrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes2-tu/tău, -tău/tău
Ds2mp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tăi/tău
Ds2mp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voştri/vostru
Ds2fsrsDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1ta/tău
Ds2fsrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-ta/ta
Ds2fsrpDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=plural1voastră/vostru
Ds2fsosDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular1tale/tău
Ds2fsos-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-tii/ta
Ds2fsopDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=plural1voastre/vostru
Ds2fp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1tale/tău
Ds2fp-pDeterminer Type=possessive Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=plural1voastre/vostru
Ds3ms-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Owner_Number=singular1său
Ds3msrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes2-su/său, -său/său
Ds3mp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1săi/său
Ds3fsrsDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular1sa/său
Ds3fsrs-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-sa/sa
Ds3fsosDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular1sale/său
Ds3fsos-yDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Owner_Number=singular Clitic=yes1-sii/sa
Ds3fp-sDeterminer Type=possessive Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Owner_Number=singular1sale/său
Dw3--r---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2ce, care
Dw3-poDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique1câtor/cât
Dw3-po---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1căror/care
Dw3msrDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2câtelea, cât
Dw3mso---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1cărui/care
Dw3mprDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1câţi/cât
Dw3fsrDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2câta/câtelea, câtă/cât
Dw3fso---eDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1cărei/care
Dw3fprDeterminer Type=int-rel Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1câte/cât
Dz3-po---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Number=plural Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unor/nici_un
Dz3msr---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_un
Dz3mso---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unui/nici_un
Dz3mpr---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unii/nici_un
Dz3fsr---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Modific_Type=prenomin2nici-o/nici_un, nici_o/nici_un
Dz3fso---eDeterminer Type=negative Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Modific_Type=prenomin1nici_unei/nici_un
Dh1msDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=masculine Number=singular1însumi
Dh1mpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=masculine Number=plural1înşine/însumi
Dh1fsrDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1însămi/însumi
Dh1fsoDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1însemi/însumi
Dh1fpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=first Gender=feminine Number=plural1însene/însumi
Dh2msDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=masculine Number=singular1însuţi/însumi
Dh2mpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=masculine Number=plural1înşivă/însumi
Dh2fsrDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1însăţi/însumi
Dh2fsoDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1înseţi/însumi
Dh2fpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=second Gender=feminine Number=plural1însevă/însumi
Dh3msDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=masculine Number=singular1însuşi/însumi
Dh3mpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=masculine Number=plural1înşişi/însumi
Dh3fsrDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1însăşi/însumi
Dh3fsoDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1înseşi/însumi
Dh3fpDeterminer Type=emphatic Person=third Gender=feminine Number=plural2înseşi/însumi, însele/însumi
Tf-soArticle Type=definite Number=singular Case=oblique1lui
Tfms-yArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=singular Clitic=yes1-lea
TfmsryArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes2-ul, -istul
TfmsoyArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Clitic=yes2-ului, -istului
TfmpryArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes1-iştii
TfmpoyArticle Type=definite Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Clitic=yes2-iştilor, -ilor
Tffs-yArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=singular Clitic=yes1-a
TffsoyArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Clitic=yes1-istei
TffpryArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Clitic=yes2-urile, -istele
TffpoyArticle Type=definite Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Clitic=yes2-urilor, -istelor
Ti-poArticle Type=indefinite Number=plural Case=oblique1unor/un
TimsrArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct2un, -un/un
TimsryArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-ist
TimsoArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique1unui/un
Timp-yArticle Type=indefinite Gender=masculine Number=plural Clitic=yes2-işti, -i
TifsrArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct2o/un, -o/un
TifsryArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Clitic=yes1-istă
TifsoArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1unei/un
TifsoyArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Clitic=yes1-iste
Tifp-yArticle Type=indefinite Gender=feminine Number=plural Clitic=yes2-uri, -iste
Ts-poArticle Type=possessive Number=plural Case=oblique1alor/al
TsmsArticle Type=possessive Gender=masculine Number=singular2al, -al/al
TsmpArticle Type=possessive Gender=masculine Number=plural1ai/al
TsfsArticle Type=possessive Gender=feminine Number=singular1a/al
TsfpArticle Type=possessive Gender=feminine Number=plural1ale/al
Td-poArticle Type=demonstrative Number=plural Case=oblique1celor/cel
TdmsrArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct1cel
TdmsoArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique1celui/cel
TdmprArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct1cei/cel
TdfsrArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct1cea/cel
TdfsoArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique1celei/cel
TdfprArticle Type=demonstrative Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct1cele/cel
RgpAdverb Type=general Degree=positive1262zi-de-zi, zi_de_zi, zelos, zdravăn, zadarnic
RgpyAdverb Type=general Degree=positive Clitic=yes57tocma'/tocmai, parc-/parcă, numa'/numai, -ntruna/întruna, -ntrucâtva/întrucâtva
RgcAdverb Type=general Degree=comparative3superior, succesiv, din_ce_în_ce_mai
RgsAdverb Type=general Degree=superlative12straşnic, preafrumos, perfect, nespus, nemaipomenit
RpAdverb Type=particle7tot, tot_atât_de, prea, mai, la_fel_de
Rp-yAdverb Type=particle Clitic=yes2to'/tot, ma'/mai
RzAdverb Type=negative10niciunde, niciodată, nici, nicidecum, nicidecât
RwAdverb Type=int-rel17unde, precum, pe_cât, oareşicum, oareşicând
Rw-yAdverb Type=int-rel Clitic=yes1cân'/când
RcAdverb Type=portmanteau7în_loc, iar, iară, dicât/decât, decât
SpsgAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=genitive18primprejurul, jurul, înlăuntrul, îndărătul, înăuntrul
SpsgyAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=genitive Clitic=yes3-naintea/înaintea, -mpotriva/împotriva, asupră/asupra
SpsdAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=dative7potrivit, mulţumită, întocmai, graţie, datorită
SpsaAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=accusative35sub, spre, pro, printru, printre
SpsayAdposition Type=preposition Formation=simple Case=accusative Clitic=yes28printr-/printru, p'/pe, p-/pe, pe-/pe, pentr-/pentru
SpcgAdposition Type=preposition Formation=compound Case=genitive48prin_preajma, prin_jurul, prin_intermediul, prin_faţa, pe_potriva
SpcaAdposition Type=preposition Formation=compound Case=accusative39potrivit_cu, pe_sub, pe_la, pe_lângă, pe_după
CcsspConjunction Type=coordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive12sau, or, ori, însă, fie
CcsspyConjunction Type=coordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive Clitic=yes4ş-/şi, or'/ori, -nsă/însă, da'/dar
CccspConjunction Type=coordinating Formation=compound Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive2va_să_zică, aşa_că
CssspConjunction Type=subordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive11până, întrucât, încât, fiindcă, fără
CssspyConjunction Type=subordinating Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive Clitic=yes7pân/până, pân-/până, până-/până, fiindc-/fiindcă, de-/de
CscspConjunction Type=subordinating Formation=compound Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive35precum_şi, pentru_că, pentru_ca, pe_măsură_ce, pe_câtă_vreme
CrsspConjunction Type=portmanteau Formation=simple Coord_Type=simple Sub_Type=positive4ş'/şi, şî/şi, şi, şi-/şi
Mc-s-dNumeral Type=cardinal Number=singular Form=digit2799, 98, 85, 6079, 4
Mc-p-lNumeral Type=cardinal Number=plural Form=letter64zero, zero-opt-treizeci, zece, zece-unsprezece, zece-mia
Mcms-lnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Form=letter Definiteness=no2milion, miliard
McmsrlNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter1unu
McmsrlyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes3unul/unu, milionul/milion, miliardul/miliard
McmsolyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes3unului/unu, milionului/milion, miliardului/miliard
Mcmp-lNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Form=letter3doisprezece, doişpe, doi
McfsrlnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no3zece, sută, mie
McfsrlyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes2suta/sută, mia/mie
McfsolnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=no3zeci/zece, sute/sută, mii/mie
McfsolyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes3zecii/zece, sutei/sută, miei/mie
Mcfp-lNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Form=letter3douăsprezece/doisprezece, douăşpe/doişpe, două/doi
Mcfp-lnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Form=letter Definiteness=no3zeci/zece, sute/sută, mii/mie
McfprlnNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no2milioane/milion, miliarde/miliard
McfprlyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes5zecile/zece, sutele/sută, milioanele/milion, miliardele/miliard, miile/mie
McfpolyNumeral Type=cardinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes5zecilor/zece, sutelor/sută, milioanelor/milion, miliardelor/miliard, miilor/mie
Mo---lNumeral Type=ordinal Form=letter1dintâi
Mo---lnNumeral Type=ordinal Form=letter Definiteness=no1întâi
Mo---lnyNumeral Type=ordinal Form=letter Definiteness=no Clitic=yes1-ntâi/întâi
Mo-s-rNumeral Type=ordinal Number=singular Form=roman42X/zece, xx, XXX/treizeci, xxvi, x
Moms-lNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Form=letter37zecelea/zece, unulea/unu, unsprezecelea/unsprezece, unşpelea/unsprezece, treizecilea/treizeci
Moms-lnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultim, prim, penultim
MomsrlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimul/ultim, primul/prim, penultimul/penultim, întâiul/întâi
MomsrlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâiul/întâi
MomsolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimului/ultim, primului/prim, penultimului/penultim, întâiului/întâi
MomsolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâiului/întâi
Momp-lnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultimi/ultim, primi/prim, penultimi/penultim
MomprlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimii/ultim, primii/prim, penultimii/penultim, întâii/întâi
MomprlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâii/întâi
MompolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimilor/ultim, primilor/prim, penultimilor/penultim, întâilor/întâi
MompolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâilor/întâi
Mofs-lNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Form=letter37zecea/zece, unsprezecea/unsprezece, unşpea/unsprezece, treizecea/treizeci, treisprezecea/treisprezece
MofsrlnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultimă/ultim, primă/prim, penultimă/penultim
MofsrlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes5ultima/ultim, prima/prim, penultima/penultim, întâiaşi/întâi, întâia/întâi
MofsrlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes2-ntâiaşi/întâi, -ntâia/întâi
MofsolnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultime/ultim, prime/prim, penultime/penultim
MofsolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimei/ultim, primei/prim, penultimei/penultim, întâii/întâi
MofsolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâii/întâi
Mofp-lnNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Form=letter Definiteness=no3ultime/ultim, prime/prim, penultime/penultim
MofprlyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimele/ultim, primele/prim, penultimele/penultim, întâile/întâi
MofprlyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâile/întâi
MofpolyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes4ultimelor/ultim, primelor/prim, penultimelor/penultim, întâilor/întâi
MofpolyyNumeral Type=ordinal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes1-ntâilor/întâi
MffsrlnNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no22zecime, unsprezecime, treisprezecime, treime, sutime
MffsrlyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimea/zecime, unsprezecimea/unsprezecime, treisprezecimea/treisprezecime, treimea/treime, sutimea/sutime
MffsolnNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=no22zecimi/zecime, unsprezecimi/unsprezecime, treisprezecimi/treisprezecime, treimi/treime, sutimi/sutime
MffsolyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimii/zecime, unsprezecimii/unsprezecime, treisprezecimii/treisprezecime, treimii/treime, sutimii/sutime
MffprlnNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=no22zecimi/zecime, unsprezecimi/unsprezecime, treisprezecimi/treisprezecime, treimi/treime, sutimi/sutime
MffprlyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimile/zecime, unsprezecimile/unsprezecime, treisprezecimile/treisprezecime, treimile/treime, sutimile/sutime
MffpolyNumeral Type=fractal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Form=letter Definiteness=yes22zecimilor/zecime, unsprezecimilor/unsprezecime, treisprezecimilor/treisprezecime, treimilor/treime, sutimilor/sutime
Mmmsr-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no9înzecit, întreit, însutit, înşesit, înşeptit
Mmmsr-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecit/înzecit, -ntreit/întreit, -nsutit/însutit, -nşesit/înşesit, -nşeptit/înşeptit
Mmmsr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzecitul/înzecit, întreitul/întreit, însutitul/însutit, înşesitul/înşesit, înşeptitul/înşeptit
Mmmsr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitul/înzecit, -ntreitul/întreit, -nsutitul/însutit, -nşesitul/înşesit, -nşeptitul/înşeptit
Mmmso-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzecitului/înzecit, întreitului/întreit, însutitului/însutit, înşesitului/înşesit, înşeptitului/înşeptit
Mmmso-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitului/înzecit, -ntreitului/întreit, -nsutitului/însutit, -nşesitului/înşesit, -nşeptitului/înşeptit
Mmmpr-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=no9înzeciţi/înzecit, întreiţi/întreit, însutiţi/însutit, înşesiţi/înşesit, înşeptiţi/înşeptit
Mmmpr-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzeciţi/înzecit, -ntreiţi/întreit, -nsutiţi/însutit, -nşesiţi/înşesit, -nşeptiţi/înşeptit
Mmmpr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzeciţii/înzecit, întreiţii/întreit, însutiţii/însutit, înşesiţii/înşesit, înşeptiţii/înşeptit
Mmmpr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzeciţii/înzecit, -ntreiţii/întreit, -nsutiţii/însutit, -nşesiţii/înşesit, -nşeptiţii/înşeptit
Mmmpo-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzeciţilor/înzecit, întreiţilor/întreit, însutiţilor/însutit, înşesiţilor/înşesit, înşeptiţilor/înşeptit
Mmmpo-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzeciţilor/înzecit, -ntreiţilor/întreit, -nsutiţilor/însutit, -nşesiţilor/înşesit, -nşeptiţilor/înşeptit
Mmfsr-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no9înzecită/înzecit, întreită/întreit, însutită/însutit, înşesită/înşesit, înşeptită/înşeptit
Mmfsr-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecită/înzecit, -ntreită/întreit, -nsutită/însutit, -nşesită/înşesit, -nşeptită/înşeptit
Mmfsr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzecita/înzecit, întreita/întreit, însutita/însutit, înşesita/înşesit, înşeptita/înşeptit
Mmfsr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecita/înzecit, -ntreita/întreit, -nsutita/însutit, -nşesita/înşesit, -nşeptita/înşeptit
Mmfso-nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no9înzecite/înzecit, întreite/întreit, însutite/însutit, înşesite/înşesit, înşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfso-nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecite/înzecit, -ntreite/întreit, -nsutite/însutit, -nşesite/înşesit, -nşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfso-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzecitei/înzecit, întreitei/întreit, însutitei/însutit, înşesitei/înşesit, înşeptitei/înşeptit
Mmfso-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitei/înzecit, -ntreitei/întreit, -nsutitei/însutit, -nşesitei/înşesit, -nşeptitei/înşeptit
Mmfp--nNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no9înzecite/înzecit, întreite/întreit, însutite/însutit, înşesite/înşesit, înşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfp--nyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Definiteness=no Clitic=yes9-nzecite/înzecit, -ntreite/întreit, -nsutite/însutit, -nşesite/înşesit, -nşeptite/înşeptit
Mmfpr-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes9înzecitele/înzecit, întreitele/întreit, însutitele/însutit, înşesitele/înşesit, înşeptitele/înşeptit
Mmfpr-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitele/înzecit, -ntreitele/întreit, -nsutitele/însutit, -nşesitele/înşesit, -nşeptitele/înşeptit
Mmfpo-yNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes9înzecitelor/înzecit, întreitelor/întreit, însutitelor/însutit, înşesitelor/înşesit, înşeptitelor/înşeptit
Mmfpo-yyNumeral Type=multiple Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes Clitic=yes9-nzecitelor/înzecit, -ntreitelor/întreit, -nsutitelor/însutit, -nşesitelor/înşesit, -nşeptitelor/înşeptit
Ml-prNumeral Type=collect Number=plural Case=direct2tuspatru, câteşipatru
Ml-poNumeral Type=collect Number=plural Case=oblique2amânduror/amândoi, amândurora/amândoi
MlmprNumeral Type=collect Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct4tustrei, câteşitrei, ambii, amândoi
MlmpoNumeral Type=collect Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique1ambilor/ambii
MlfprNumeral Type=collect Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=direct4tustrele, câteşitrele, ambele/ambii, amândouă/amândoi
MlfpoNumeral Type=collect Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=oblique1ambelor/ambii
QzParticle Type=negative1nu
Qz-yParticle Type=negative Clitic=yes1n-/nu
QnParticle Type=infinitive1a
Qn-yParticle Type=infinitive Clitic=yes1-a/a
QsParticle Type=subjunctive2s-/să, să
QfParticle Type=future2o, -o
IInterjection207ziua-bună, zdup, zbughi, zău, zapa-zapa
YAbbreviation120v.v./vice_versa, u.s./ut_supra, URSS, urm./următoarele, UMF
YnAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal688Z./zero, zool./zoologie, Zn/zinc, Z./impedanţă, Xe/xenon
YnmsryAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes6dnul/domnul, dl/domnul, dl./domnul, d./domnul, b-dul/bulevardul
YnmsoyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes2dlui/domnului, d-lui/domnului
YnmsvyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=singular Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1d-le/domnule
YnmpryAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=direct Definiteness=yes3d-ra/domnişoara, dnii/domnii, d-nii/domnii
YnmpoyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=oblique Definiteness=yes1dlor/domnilor
YnmpvyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=masculine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1d-lor/domnilor
YnfsryAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=direct Definiteness=yes3dra/domnişoara, dna/doamna, d-na/doamna
YnfsoyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=feminine Number=singular Case=oblique Definiteness=yes3drei/domnişoarei, dnei/doamnei, d-nei/doamnei
YnfpvyAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=nominal Gender=feminine Number=plural Case=vocative Definiteness=yes1d-lor/doamnelor
YvAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=verbal6v./vide, vid./vide, ob./obiit, div./divide, cit./citeşte
YaAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=adjectival26v./vechi, tranz./tranzitiv, refl./reflexiv, recipr./reciproc, m./masculin
YrAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=adverbial18vs./versus, ş.a.m.d./şi_aşa_mai_departe, ptr./pentru, pt./pentru, i.q./idem_quod
YpAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal2dvs./dumneavoastră, dv./dumneavoastră
Yp-srAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Number=singular Case=direct2d-ta/dumneata, d-sa/dumneasa
Yp-soAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Number=singular Case=oblique2d-tale/dumitale, d-sale/dumisale
Yp-pAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Number=plural2d-voastră/dumneavoastră, d-lor/dumnealor
YpmsAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Gender=masculine Number=singular1d-lui/dumnealui
YpfsAbbreviation Syntactic_Type=pronominal Gender=feminine Number=singular1d-ei/dumneaei
XResidual103Z_2056, xxxxx, vice-, vest-, unu-zero-unu
ZPunctuation10), (, ", ., ..
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Date: 2021-08-20
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