Text Encoding Initiative

The XML Version of the TEI Guidelines


<title> contains the title of a work, whether article, book, journal, or series, including any alternative titles or subtitles.
Attributes (In addition to global attributes and those inherited from hqphrase)
level (bibliographic level (or class) of title) indicates whether this is the title of an article, book, journal, series, or unpublished material.
Datatype: (a | m | j | s | u)
Legal values are:
a analytic title (article, poem, or other item published as part of a larger item)
m monographic title (book, collection, or other item published as a distinct item, including single volumes of multi-volume works)
j journal title
s series title
u title of unpublished material (including theses and dissertations unless published by a commercial press)
Default: #IMPLIED


If the title appears directly enclosed within an <analytic> element, the level, if given, must be ‘a’; if it appears directly enclosed within a <monogr> element, level must be ‘m’, ‘j’, or ‘u’; when <title> is directly enclosed by <series>, level must be ‘s’.

type (type of title) classifies the title according to some convenient typology.
Datatype: CDATA
Sample values include:
main main title
subordinate subtitle, title of part
parallel alternate title, often in another language, by which the work is also known
abbreviated abbreviated form of title
Default: #IMPLIED


This attribute is provided for convenience in analysing titles and processing them according to their type; where such specialized processing is not necessary, there is no need for such analysis, and the entire title, including subtitles and any parallel titles, may be enclosed within a single <title> element.

<title>La vie mode d'emploi. Romans.</title>
<title>Synthese: an international journal for epistemology, methodology
and history of science</title>
<title>Information Technology and the Research Process: Proceedings
of a conference held at Cranfield Institute of Technology, UK, 18&ndash;21
July 1989</title>
<title>Hardy's Tess of the D'Urbervilles: a machine readable edition</title>
Module Declared in file teicore2; Core tag sets: enabled when any TEI base is enabled
Class hqphrase
May contain #PCDATA abbr add addSpan address alt altGrp anchor app bibl biblFull biblStruct c caesura camera caption castList cb certainty cit cl corr damage date dateRange dateStruct del delSpan distinct emph expan fLib figure foreign formula fs fsLib fvLib fw gap geogName gloss handShift hi index interp interpGrp join joinGrp label lang lb link linkGrp list listBibl m measure mentioned milestone move name note num oRef oVar orgName orig pRef pVar pb persName phr placeName ptr q quote ref reg respons restore rs s seg sic soCalled sound space span spanGrp stage supplied table tech term text time timeRange timeStruct timeline title unclear view w witDetail xptr xref
May occur within ab abbr activity actor add addName addrLine admin affiliation analytic author authority bibl biblScope birth bloc byline camera caption case castItem catDesc cell channel cl classCode closer colloc constitution corr country creation damage date dateRange def del derivation descrip dictScrap distance distinct distributor docAuthor docDate docEdition docImprint domain edition editor education emph entryFree etym expan extent factuality figDesc firstLang foreName foreign form funder fw gen genName gloss gram gramGrp head headItem headLabel hi hyph imprimatur interaction item itype l label lang langKnown language lbl lem locale measure meeting mentioned monogr mood name nameLink note num number occasion occupation opener orgDivn orgName orgTitle orgType orig orth otherForm p per persName phr placeName pos preparedness principal pron pubPlace publisher purpose q quote rdg re ref reg region rendition residence resp restore role roleDesc roleName rs s salute seg sense series seriesStmt settlement sic signed soCalled socecStatus sound speaker sponsor stage street stress subc supplied surname syll symbol tagUsage tech term time timeRange title titlePart titleStmt tns tr trailer trans u unclear usg view wit witDetail witness writing xr xref
<!ELEMENT title %om.RO; %paraContent;> 
<!ATTLIST title  
      level (a | m | j | s | u) #IMPLIED
      type CDATA #IMPLIED>
See further Authors, Titles, and Editors; 5.2.1 The Title Statement; 5.2.5 The Series Statement

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