Text Encoding Initiative

The XML Version of the TEI Guidelines


<list> contains any sequence of items organized as a list.
Attributes (In addition to global attributes and those inherited from lists)
type describes the form of the list.
Datatype: CDATA
Suggested values include:
ordered list items are numbered or lettered.
bulleted list items are marked with a bullet or other typographic device.
simple list items are not numbered or bulleted.
gloss each list item glosses some term or concept, which is given by a label element preceding the list item.
Default: simple


The formal syntax of the element declarations allows <label> tags to be omitted from lists tagged <list type="gloss">; this is however a semantic error.

<list type="ordered">
   <item>a butcher</item>
   <item>a baker</item>
   <item>a candlestick maker, with
<list type="bullets">
         <item>rings on his fingers</item>
         <item>bells on his toes</item>

The following example treats the short numbered clauses of Anglo-Saxon legal codes as lists of items. The text is from an ordinance of King Athelstan (924–939):

<div1 type="section"><head>Athelstan's Ordinance</head>
<list type="ordered">
<item n="1">Concerning thieves.  First, that no thief is to be
     spared who is caught with the stolen goods, [if he is] over
     twelve years and [if the value of the goods is] over eightpence.
    <list type="ordered">
    <item n="1.1">And if anyone does spare one, he is to pay for the
      thief with his wergild &mdash; and the thief is to be no nearer a
      settlement on that account &mdash; or to clear himself by an oath of
      that amount.</item>
    <item n="1.2">If, however, he [the thief] wishes to defend himself
      or to escape, he is not to be spared [whether younger or older
      than twelve].</item>
    <item n="1.3">If a thief is put into prison, he is to be in prison
      40 days, and he may then be redeemed with 120 shillings; and the
      kindred are to stand surety for him that he will desist for ever.</item>
    <item n="1.4">And if he steals after that, they are to pay for him
      with his wergild, or to bring him back there.</item>
    <item n="1.5">And if he steals after that, they are to pay
      for him with his wergild, whether to the king or to him
      to whom it rightly belongs; and everyone of those who
      supported  him is to pay 120 shillings to  the king as a fine.</item>
<item n="2">Concerning lordless men.  And we pronounced about these
   lordless men, from whom no justice can be obtained, that one
   should order their kindred to fetch back such a person to justice
   and to find him a lord in public meeting.
   <list type="ordered">
    <item n="2.1">And if they then will not, or cannot, produce him on
      that appointed day, he is then to be a fugitive afterwards, and
      he who encounters him is to strike him down as a thief.</item>
    <item n="2.2">And he who harbours him after that, is to pay for him
      with his wergild or to clear himself by an oath of that amount.</item>
 <item n="3">Concerning the refusal of justice.  The lord who
    refuses justice and upholds his guilty man, so that the king is
    appealed to, is to repay the value of the goods and 120 shillings
    to the king; and he who appeals to the king before he demands
    justice as often as he ought, is to pay the same fine as the
    other would have done, if he had refused him justice.
    <list type="ordered">
    <item n="3.1">And the lord who is an accessory to a theft by his
      slave, and it becomes known about him, is to forfeit the slave
      and be liable to his wergild on the first occasionp if he does it
      more often, he is to be liable to pay all that he owns.</item>
    <item n="3.2">And likewise any of the king's treasurers or of our
      reeves, who has been an accessory of thieves who have committed
      theft, is to liable to the same.</item>
<item n="4">Concerning treachery to a lord.  And we have pronounced
   concerning treachery to a lord, that he [who is accused] is to
   forfeit his life if he cannot deny it or is afterwards convicted
   at the three-fold ordeal.</item>
Note that nested lists have been used so the tagging mirrors the structure indicated by the two-level numbering of the clauses. The clauses could have been treated as a one-level list with irregular numbering, if desired.

<p>These decrees, most blessed Pope Hadrian, we propounded in the
public council ... and they confirmed them in our hand in your
stead with the sign of the Holy Cross, and afterwards inscribed
with a careful pen on the paper of this page, affixing thus the
sign of the Holy Cross.
<list type="simple">
      <item>I, Eanbald, by the grace of God archbishop of the holy
church of York, have subscribed to the pious and catholic
validity of this document with the sign of the Holy Cross.</item>
      <item>I, &AElig;lfwold, king of the people across the Humber,
consenting have subscribed with the sign of the Holy Cross.</item>
      <item>I, Tilberht, prelate of the church of Hexham, rejoicing
have subscribed with the sign of the Holy Cross.</item>
      <item>I, Higbald, bishop of the church of Lindisfarne, obeying
have subscribed with the sign of the Holy Cross.</item>
      <item>I, Ethelbert, bishop of Candida Casa, suppliant, have
subscribed with thef sign of the Holy Cross.</item>
      <item>I, Ealdwulf, bishop of the church of Mayo, have subscribed
with devout will.</item>
      <item>I, &AElig;thelwine, bishop, have subscribed through
      <item>I, Sicga, patrician, have subscribed with serene mind
with the sign of the Holy Cross.</item>
Module Declared in file teicore2; Core tag sets: enabled when any TEI base is enabled
Class lists
Data Description May contain an optional heading followed by a series of items, or a series of label and item pairs, the latter being optionally preceded by one or two specialized headings.
May contain addSpan alt altGrp anchor cb certainty delSpan fLib fs fsLib fvLib fw gap head headItem headLabel index interp interpGrp item join joinGrp label lb link linkGrp milestone pb respons span spanGrp timeline
May occur within ab add admin argument body camera caption case castList cell colloc corr country damage def descrip dictScrap div div0 div1 div2 div3 div4 div5 div6 div7 docEdition emph entryFree epigraph epilogue etym figDesc foreign form gen gram gramGrp head hi hyph imprimatur item itype keywords l lang lbl lem meeting metDecl mood note number orth otherForm p per performance pos prologue pron q quote rdg ref region rendition revisionDesc seg set sic sound stage stress subc supplied syll tagUsage tech title titlePart tns tr trans unclear usg view wit witDetail witness writing xr xref
<!ELEMENT list %om.RR; ((%m.Incl;)*, (head, (%m.Incl;)*)?, ( ( (item, 
      | ((headLabel, (%m.Incl;)*)?, (headItem, (%m.Incl;)*)?, (label, 
      (%m.Incl;)*, item, (%m.Incl;)*)+)))> 
<!ATTLIST list  
      type CDATA "simple">
See further 6.7 Lists

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